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Article

Urinary Incontinence in Physically Active Older Women of Northeast Brazil

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Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Center of Health Sciences, Campus Universitário Lagoa Nova, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal 59078-970, Brazil
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Department of Physiotherapy, Campus Universitário Lagoa Nova, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal 59078-970, Brazil
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Faculty Mauricio de Nassau, Av. Engenheiro Roberto Freire, Natal 59078-600, Brazil
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Graduate Program in Neuroengineering, Edmond and Lily Safra International Institute of Neuroscience, Santos Dumont Institute, Macaiba 59280-000, Brazil
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Department of Medicine, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco (UNIVASF), Paulo Afonso 48605-560, Brazil
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Graduate Program in Collective Health, Department of Public Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal 59078-970, Brazil
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Research Group on Methodology, Methods, Models and Outcomes of Health and Social Sciences (M3O), Faculty of Health Science and Welfare, Centre for Health and Social Care Research (CESS), University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia (UVic-UCC), 08500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain
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Graduate Program in Health Science, Department of Public Health, Campus Universitário Lagoa Nova, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal 59078-970, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul B. Tchounwou and David Berrigan
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5878; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115878
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 22 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 30 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pelvic Health and Human Movement)
Low- and moderate-impact physical activity (PA) is associated with the prevention of urinary incontinence (UI). The objective of the cross-sectional study presented herein is to analyze the factors associated with UI in physically older active women who participate in senior community groups. The variable UI was measured by the International Consultation Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF). Socioeconomic variables were also collected, along with data on life habits and clinical history. The multivariate analysis employed Poisson’s Regression with robust variance for factors associated with UI. Of the 106 participants evaluated, 54.7% presented UI, of which stress incontinence was more frequent, with 40.6%. UI presented a statistically significant association with dizziness/loss of balance during Activities of Daily Living (ADL) (prevalence ratio-PR 1.48; 95% CI 1.06–2.07) and nocturia (PR 1.63; 95% CI 1.05–2.55). Despite PA being a protection factor, UI presented an elevated prevalence in the older population, and therefore, other biological, social, and cultural aspects could also contribute to the occurrence of UI in this age group. Moreover, physically active older women with UI presented nocturia and dizziness/loss of balance during ADL, regardless of education levels and the number of births. These findings can help improve multi-professional programs aimed at promoting, preventing, and managing UI in the public. View Full-Text
Keywords: elderly; loss of bladder control; exercise elderly; loss of bladder control; exercise
MDPI and ACS Style

Guedes, T.S.R.; Guedes, M.B.O.G.; de Oliveira, H.K.M.; Soares, R.L.; da Cunha, V.L.; Lopes, J.M.; de Oliveira, N.P.D.; Jerez-Roig, J.; de Souza, D.L.B. Urinary Incontinence in Physically Active Older Women of Northeast Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5878. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115878

AMA Style

Guedes TSR, Guedes MBOG, de Oliveira HKM, Soares RL, da Cunha VL, Lopes JM, de Oliveira NPD, Jerez-Roig J, de Souza DLB. Urinary Incontinence in Physically Active Older Women of Northeast Brazil. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5878. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115878

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guedes, Thais S.R., Marcello B.O.G. Guedes, Hévila K.M. de Oliveira, Rodrigo L. Soares, Vitor L. da Cunha, Johnnatas M. Lopes, Nayara P.D. de Oliveira, Javier Jerez-Roig, and Dyego L.B. de Souza 2021. "Urinary Incontinence in Physically Active Older Women of Northeast Brazil" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5878. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115878

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