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Article

Perceived Stress in Dentists and Dental Students of Latin America and the Caribbean during the Mandatory Social Isolation Measures for the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Faculty of Dentistry, Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University, Lima 15102, Peru
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Faculty of Dentistry, University of Antioquia, Medellín 050010, Colombia
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Faculty of Dentistry, Central University of Ecuador, Quito 170102, Ecuador
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Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre 90035-003, Brazil
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UC Evidence Center, Cochrane Chile Associated Center, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 8331150, Chile
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Epistemonikos Foundation, Santiago 7510321, Chile
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Faculty of Dentistry, University of Zulia, Maracaibo 4011, Venezuela
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Center for Research in Public Health and Clinical Epidemiology (CISPEC), Faculty of Health Sciences Eugenio Espejo, UTE University, Quito 170508, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guglielmo Campus
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5889; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115889
Received: 16 May 2021 / Revised: 27 May 2021 / Accepted: 28 May 2021 / Published: 30 May 2021
This study aims to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, specifically considering the mandatory social isolation measures implemented, on the perceived stress of a sample of dentists and dental students from Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as the associated sociodemographic and pandemic-related variables. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a sample of 2036 dentists and dental students (1433 women). For the main outcome, the 14-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14) was used. The survey also questioned sociodemographic aspects, questions on the COVID-19 pandemic, health variables, and habits. Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate analyses (linear regression) were applied to observe the factors associated with perceived stress. The PSS-14 mean score was 24.76 (±11.76). Hierarchical regression models showed significant variables associated with the PSS-14 scores: income level during mandatory social isolation, having older adults under care during mandatory social isolation, self-perceived level of concern regarding COVID-19, self-perceived health, Coffee consumption during mandatory social isolation. In general terms, the pandemic has influenced the personal, social, labor, and everyday life of dental staff and affected the mental health of this population specifically when perceived stress is considered. Public policies, strategies, and mental health surveillance systems are required for this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: stress; psychological; dentists; students; dental; COVID-19; health surveys stress; psychological; dentists; students; dental; COVID-19; health surveys
MDPI and ACS Style

León-Manco, R.A.; Agudelo-Suárez, A.A.; Armas-Vega, A.; Figueiredo, M.C.; Verdugo-Paiva, F.; Santana-Pérez, Y.; Viteri-García, A. Perceived Stress in Dentists and Dental Students of Latin America and the Caribbean during the Mandatory Social Isolation Measures for the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5889. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115889

AMA Style

León-Manco RA, Agudelo-Suárez AA, Armas-Vega A, Figueiredo MC, Verdugo-Paiva F, Santana-Pérez Y, Viteri-García A. Perceived Stress in Dentists and Dental Students of Latin America and the Caribbean during the Mandatory Social Isolation Measures for the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5889. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115889

Chicago/Turabian Style

León-Manco, Roberto A., Andrés A. Agudelo-Suárez, Ana Armas-Vega, Márcia C. Figueiredo, Francisca Verdugo-Paiva, Yrma Santana-Pérez, and Andrés Viteri-García. 2021. "Perceived Stress in Dentists and Dental Students of Latin America and the Caribbean during the Mandatory Social Isolation Measures for the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5889. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115889

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