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Study Protocol

Self-Management in Stroke Survivors: Development and Implementation of the Look after Yourself (LAY) Intervention

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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Viale Risorgimento n°80, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy
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Scientific Directorate, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Viale Umberto I n°50, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy
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Department of Surgery, Medicine, Dentistry and Morphological Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via del Pozzo n°74, 41100 Modena, Italy
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Department of Community Health Care, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale Toscana Nord-Ovest, Via A. Cocchi n°7/9, 56124 Pisa, Italy
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Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Via Ugo Foscolo, n°7, 40123 Bologna, Italy
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Via Albertoni n°15, 40138 Bologna, Italy
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, via Giulio Cesare Pupilli n°1, 40136 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Members are listed in the Acknowledgments.
Academic Editors: Sara Rubinelli, Nicola Diviani and Claudia Zanini
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5925; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115925
Received: 27 April 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 27 May 2021 / Published: 31 May 2021
Objective: Self-management is recommended in stroke rehabilitation. This report aims to describe timing, contents, and setting of delivery of a patient-centered, self-management program for stroke survivors in their early hospital rehabilitation phase: the Look After Yourself (LAY) intervention. Methods: After extensive literature search, the LAY intervention was developed by integrating the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program, based on the self-efficacy construct of social cognitive theory, with evidence-based key elements and input from stroke survivors. Results: the LAY intervention aims to implement self-management skills in stroke survivors, enabling them to be active in goal setting and problem solving using action plans and to facilitate the critical transition from hospital to community. It includes both group sessions to facilitate sharing of experiences, social comparison, vicarious learning, and increase motivation and one-to-one sessions focused on setting feasible action plans and on teaching personalized strategies to prevent falls. Standardization is ensured by manuals for facilitators and patients. Conclusion: The LAY intervention is the first Italian program to support early self-management in stroke rehabilitation; it has been experimented and its efficacy proven in improving self-efficacy, mental health, and activities of daily living, and detailed results have been published. The LAY intervention is described according to the TIDieR checklist. View Full-Text
Keywords: stroke rehabilitation; self-management; self-efficacy; chronic disease; patient education stroke rehabilitation; self-management; self-efficacy; chronic disease; patient education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fugazzaro, S.; Denti, M.; Accogli, M.A.; Costi, S.; Pagliacci, D.; Calugi, S.; Cavalli, E.; Taricco, M.; Bardelli, R.; on behalf of Look after Yourself Project. Self-Management in Stroke Survivors: Development and Implementation of the Look after Yourself (LAY) Intervention. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5925. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115925

AMA Style

Fugazzaro S, Denti M, Accogli MA, Costi S, Pagliacci D, Calugi S, Cavalli E, Taricco M, Bardelli R, on behalf of Look after Yourself Project. Self-Management in Stroke Survivors: Development and Implementation of the Look after Yourself (LAY) Intervention. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5925. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115925

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fugazzaro, Stefania, Monica Denti, Monia A. Accogli, Stefania Costi, Donatella Pagliacci, Simona Calugi, Enrica Cavalli, Mariangela Taricco, Roberta Bardelli, and on behalf of Look after Yourself Project. 2021. "Self-Management in Stroke Survivors: Development and Implementation of the Look after Yourself (LAY) Intervention" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5925. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115925

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