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Article

Validation and Test of Measurement Invariance of the Adapted Health Consciousness Scale (HCS-G)

Clinic of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LVR-University Hospital, University of Duisburg-Essen, 45147 Essen, Germany
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Academic Editors: Desirée Valera-Gran and Eva Maria Navarrete-Munoz
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 6044; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18116044
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 29 May 2021 / Accepted: 1 June 2021 / Published: 4 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Instruments for Measuring Health)
The objective of this study was the translation and validation of a health consciousness scale in order to provide an economically and empirically confirmed measurement of health consciousness, which is associated with health-related behavior. We evaluated this translation on the basis of psychometric testing in a German convenience sample. A cross-sectional online survey (n = 470) was carried out using a translated version of the health consciousness scale, oriented on the basis of international guidelines. As previous studies have not consistently confirmed the factorial structure of the health consciousness scale, we conducted a Confirmatory Factor Analysis to verify its factorial structure. Furthermore, we cross-validated the questionnaire with other scales in order to verify convergent and discriminant validity. The results indicated a two-factor solution for the Health Consciousness Scale-German (HCS-G). The criterion validity was confirmed on the basis of a significantly positive correlation between the HCS-G and health literacy. Furthermore, strict measurement invariance was able to be verified, indicating that the HCS-G is an applicable measurement, regardless of gender. In practical research, this questionnaire can help to assess health consciousness and its influence on health-related constructs. Future studies should consider possible mediating variables between health consciousness and health outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: health consciousness; validation; health measurement; psychometric assessment; measurement invariance health consciousness; validation; health measurement; psychometric assessment; measurement invariance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marsall, M.; Engelmann, G.; Skoda, E.-M.; Teufel, M.; Bäuerle, A. Validation and Test of Measurement Invariance of the Adapted Health Consciousness Scale (HCS-G). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6044. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18116044

AMA Style

Marsall M, Engelmann G, Skoda E-M, Teufel M, Bäuerle A. Validation and Test of Measurement Invariance of the Adapted Health Consciousness Scale (HCS-G). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):6044. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18116044

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marsall, Matthias, Gerrit Engelmann, Eva-Maria Skoda, Martin Teufel, and Alexander Bäuerle. 2021. "Validation and Test of Measurement Invariance of the Adapted Health Consciousness Scale (HCS-G)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 6044. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18116044

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