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Anemia and Nutritional Status of Syrian Refugee Mothers and Their Children under Five Years in Greater Beirut, Lebanon

1
Institute of Nutritional Sciences (140), University of Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
2
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut 11-0236, Lebanon
3
Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut 11-0236, Lebanon
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6894; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18136894
Received: 7 May 2021 / Revised: 23 June 2021 / Accepted: 23 June 2021 / Published: 27 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Refugee Nutrition Studies and Public Health)
The objective was to assess the prevalence of anemia and nutritional status of mothers and children under five years among Syrian refugees in Lebanon and to identify nutritional deficiencies among pregnant, lactating, and non-pregnant non-lactating (NPNLM) mothers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among Syrian refugee mothers with children under five years in Greater Beirut, Lebanon (n = 433). Data on socio-economic status, maternal health, lifestyle characteristics, dietary intake, anthropometric measurements, and hemoglobin concentrations were collected. The prevalence of anemia was 21.7% among mothers and 30.5% among children. NPNLM with overweight/obesity and an at-risk waist circumference (WC) had 14.7-times and 10.9-times higher odds of anemia than mothers with normal WC and weight. Children of anemic mothers had 2.7-times and 4.4-times higher odds of total and mild anemia than those of non-anemic. Higher odds of mild anemia were found among children of lactating mothers than of NPNLM. A high percent energy intake of total fat and sugar was found among all mothers. Nutritional inadequacy was identified in higher proportions of lactating and pregnant mothers than NPNLM. Our findings highlighted the co-existence of overnutrition and anemia among Syrian refugee mothers and undernutrition among children from the same household. Culture-specific interventions are needed to support maternal nutrition, to ensure the health and wellbeing of their offspring. View Full-Text
Keywords: anemia; obesity; maternal nutrition; nutritional inadequacy; pregnancy; lactation; children under five years; Syrian refugees; Lebanon anemia; obesity; maternal nutrition; nutritional inadequacy; pregnancy; lactation; children under five years; Syrian refugees; Lebanon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abou-Rizk, J.; Jeremias, T.; Nasreddine, L.; Jomaa, L.; Hwalla, N.; Tamim, H.; Frank, J.; Scherbaum, V. Anemia and Nutritional Status of Syrian Refugee Mothers and Their Children under Five Years in Greater Beirut, Lebanon. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6894. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18136894

AMA Style

Abou-Rizk J, Jeremias T, Nasreddine L, Jomaa L, Hwalla N, Tamim H, Frank J, Scherbaum V. Anemia and Nutritional Status of Syrian Refugee Mothers and Their Children under Five Years in Greater Beirut, Lebanon. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6894. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18136894

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abou-Rizk, Joana, Theresa Jeremias, Lara Nasreddine, Lamis Jomaa, Nahla Hwalla, Hani Tamim, Jan Frank, and Veronika Scherbaum. 2021. "Anemia and Nutritional Status of Syrian Refugee Mothers and Their Children under Five Years in Greater Beirut, Lebanon" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6894. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18136894

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