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Article

Physical Activity among Adults Residing in 11 Countries during the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown

1
School of Health Science, College of Education Health & Human Service, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
2
Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Abigail Wexner Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
3
Foundation for Global Community Health, Las Vegas, NV 89012, USA
4
Discipline of Children’s Studies, School of Education, National University of Ireland, H91 Galway, Ireland
5
Department of Exercise Science, Norman J. Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
6
Department of Didactics and Educative Organization, University of Barcelona, 08015 Barcelona, Spain
7
Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara 06800, Turkey
8
Department of Human Movement Sciences, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Santos 11015, Brazil
9
Faculty of Educational Sciences, Goce Delcev University, 2000 Stip, North Macedonia
10
Exercise and Sports Science, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Malaysia
11
Faculty of Behavioural Sciences, SGT University, Gurugram 122505, India
12
School of Physical Education and Sports, Soochow University, Suzhou 215021, China
13
Hubei Key Laboratory of Sport Training and Monitoring, Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan 430079, China
14
Association of Touristic Animators, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
15
National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637616, Singapore
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These two authors equally contributed to this work as first authors.
Members listed at end of report.
Academic Editors: Amelia Guadalupe Grau and Olga López Torres
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 7056; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18137056
Received: 12 June 2021 / Revised: 28 June 2021 / Accepted: 28 June 2021 / Published: 1 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and Health during COVID-19)
During the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, physical activity (PA) behaviors were altered worldwide due to public health measures such as “lockdown.” This study described PA among adults residing in 11 countries during COVID-19 lockdown and examined factors associated with PA engagement. We conducted a cross-sectional anonymous survey among adults (≥18 years old) in 11 countries (Brazil, Bulgaria, China, India, Ireland, Malaysia, North Macedonia, Singapore, Spain, Turkey, United States). Of 11,775 participants, 63.7% were female and 52.8% were 18–34 years old. More than 40% of participants were insufficiently active (43.9%) and reported a decrease in their PA during lockdown (44.8%). Statistically significant differences were observed in (1) proportions of participants being insufficiently active, (2) level of PA, and (3) decrease in PA across the 11 countries. More stringent governmental policy responses were associated with greater likelihood of being insufficiently active during lockdown (adjusted odds ratio = 1.22, 95% confidence interval = 1.03, 1.45). Higher depression or anxiety scores were associated with greater likelihood of decreased level of PA during lockdown.We found substantial reductions in PA levels during COVID-19 lockdown across countries. Country-specific PA promotion interventions are needed during this and similar global emergencies. View Full-Text
Keywords: changes in physical activity; governmental policy responses; insufficiently active changes in physical activity; governmental policy responses; insufficiently active
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, K.; Yang, J.; Chin, M.-K.; Sullivan, L.; Durstine, J.L.; Violant-Holz, V.; Demirhan, G.; Oliveira, N.R.C.; Popeska, B.; Kuan, G.; Khan, W.; Dai, J.; Xu, X.; Mladenova, Z.; Balasekaran, G.; Smith, G.A.; on behalf of Global Community Health-COVID-19 Collaborative Research Team. Physical Activity among Adults Residing in 11 Countries during the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7056. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18137056

AMA Style

Ding K, Yang J, Chin M-K, Sullivan L, Durstine JL, Violant-Holz V, Demirhan G, Oliveira NRC, Popeska B, Kuan G, Khan W, Dai J, Xu X, Mladenova Z, Balasekaran G, Smith GA, on behalf of Global Community Health-COVID-19 Collaborative Research Team. Physical Activity among Adults Residing in 11 Countries during the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):7056. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18137056

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ding, Kele, Jingzhen Yang, Ming-Kai Chin, Lindsay Sullivan, J. L. Durstine, Verónica Violant-Holz, Giyasettin Demirhan, Nara R.C. Oliveira, Biljana Popeska, Garry Kuan, Waheeda Khan, Jianhui Dai, Xia Xu, Zornitza Mladenova, Govindasamy Balasekaran, Gary A. Smith, and on behalf of Global Community Health-COVID-19 Collaborative Research Team. 2021. "Physical Activity among Adults Residing in 11 Countries during the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 7056. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18137056

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