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Article

Golfers’ Interest in Multilevel Sun-Protection Strategies

1
Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2
Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
3
Golf Teaching and Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16082, USA
4
Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7253; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147253
Received: 12 May 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 4 July 2021 / Published: 7 July 2021
Active adults accumulate more ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure and are at greater risk of skin cancer than inactive adults. Golf is a popular sport that increases UV exposure because it is played outdoors in daylight. This study evaluated adult golfers’ interest in multilevel sun-protection strategies and characterized differences in interest as a function of golfer characteristics. Adult golfers (N = 347) completed a web survey to rate their interest in 20 sun-protection strategies. We estimated descriptive statistics and evaluated differences in interest as a function of demographics, perceived risk, sun-protective behavior, and golf exposure. Golfers reported the greatest interest in environmental supports for sun protection, but these ratings were driven by golfers who already perceived golf as a risk behavior and used sunscreen diligently. Vulnerable golfers—those with a golf-related sunburn in the past year or who spend more time golfing—expressed interest in a broader range of intervention components, including education, family support, and text messages. Multilevel skin cancer prevention interventions are needed for golfers. Intervention components of interest involved support and reminders, which suggests they are open to sun-safety behaviors but need help executing them. View Full-Text
Keywords: sun protection; skin cancer prevention; physical activity; primary prevention sun protection; skin cancer prevention; physical activity; primary prevention
MDPI and ACS Style

Weikert, A.E.; Pagoto, S.L.; Handley, E.; Courtney, J.B.; Brunke-Reese, D.; Conroy, D.E. Golfers’ Interest in Multilevel Sun-Protection Strategies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7253. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147253

AMA Style

Weikert AE, Pagoto SL, Handley E, Courtney JB, Brunke-Reese D, Conroy DE. Golfers’ Interest in Multilevel Sun-Protection Strategies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7253. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147253

Chicago/Turabian Style

Weikert, Amanda E., Sherry L. Pagoto, Eric Handley, Jimikaye B. Courtney, Deborah Brunke-Reese, and David E. Conroy 2021. "Golfers’ Interest in Multilevel Sun-Protection Strategies" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7253. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147253

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