Next Article in Journal
Associations between Biomarkers of Exposure and Lung Cancer Risk among Exclusive Cigarette Smokers in the Golestan Cohort Study
Previous Article in Journal
Predicting Type 2 Diabetes Using Logistic Regression and Machine Learning Approaches
Article

Dominance of Fossil Fuels in Japan’s National Energy Mix and Implications for Environmental Sustainability

1
Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Science, Cyprus International University, 99040 Nicosia, Turkey
2
Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Science, Near East University, 99138 Nicosia, Turkey
3
Department of Earth Science, Faculty of Science, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye 110262, Ogun State, Nigeria
4
Department of Nuclear and Renewable Energy, Ural Federal University Named after the First President of Russia Boris Yeltsin, 19 Mira Street, 620002 Ekaterinburg, Russia
5
Department of Automobile Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur 603203, Tamil Nadu, India
6
School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7347; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147347
Received: 15 June 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 4 July 2021 / Published: 9 July 2021
Despite the drive for increased environmental protection and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), coal, oil, and natural gas use continues to dominate Japan’s energy mix. In light of this issue, this research assessed the position of natural gas, oil, and coal energy use in Japan’s environmental mitigation efforts from the perspective of sustainable development with respect to economic growth between 1965 and 2019. In this regard, the study employs Bayer and Hanck cointegration, fully modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS), and dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) to investigate these interconnections. The empirical findings from this study revealed that the utilization of natural gas, oil, and coal energy reduces the sustainability of the environment with oil consumption having the most significant impact. Furthermore, the study validates the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis in Japan. The outcomes of the Gradual shift causality showed that CO2 emissions can predict economic growth, while oil, coal, and energy consumption can predict CO2 emissions in Japan. Given Japan’s ongoing energy crisis, this innovative analysis provides valuable policy insights to stakeholders and authorities in the nation’s energy sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: coal; CO2 emissions; economic growth; gas; Japan; natural; oil coal; CO2 emissions; economic growth; gas; Japan; natural; oil
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Adebayo, T.S.; Awosusi, A.A.; Oladipupo, S.D.; Agyekum, E.B.; Jayakumar, A.; Kumar, N.M. Dominance of Fossil Fuels in Japan’s National Energy Mix and Implications for Environmental Sustainability. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7347. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147347

AMA Style

Adebayo TS, Awosusi AA, Oladipupo SD, Agyekum EB, Jayakumar A, Kumar NM. Dominance of Fossil Fuels in Japan’s National Energy Mix and Implications for Environmental Sustainability. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7347. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147347

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adebayo, Tomiwa S., Abraham A. Awosusi, Seun D. Oladipupo, Ephraim B. Agyekum, Arunkumar Jayakumar, and Nallapaneni M. Kumar 2021. "Dominance of Fossil Fuels in Japan’s National Energy Mix and Implications for Environmental Sustainability" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7347. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147347

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop