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Article

Arthroscopic Tenotomy of the Long Head of the Biceps Tendon and Section of the Anterior Joint Capsule Produce Moderate Osteoarthritic Changes in an Experimental Sheep Model

1
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Bio-Medico University, Via Alvaro del Portillo, 200, Trigoria, 00128 Rome, Italy
2
Orthopaedic Surgery Department, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Majadahonda, 28222 Madrid, Spain
3
Surgery Department, Facultad de Veterinaria Universidad de Leon, 24071 León, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7471; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147471
Received: 7 April 2021 / Revised: 3 July 2021 / Accepted: 6 July 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Burden of Orthopedic Surgery)
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the glenohumeral (GH) joint is a common cause of shoulder pain, resulting in considerable invalidity. Unfortunately, the study of its pathogenesis is challenging. Models of OA are necessary to identify specific targets for therapy and to be able to interfere with the development and evolution of OA. This study aims to assess the effect of an arthroscopic tenotomy of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) and section of the anterior glenohumeral joint capsule on the ovine glenohumeral joint. In addition, the authors aim to validate and evaluate the reliability of a modified semi-quantitative MRI score to assess joint degeneration in a sheep’s shoulder. Eight skeletally mature sheep received an arthroscopic tenotomy of the LHBT and section of the anterior joint capsule and were euthanized four months after surgery. All animals tolerated the surgery well, and no complication was recorded for six weeks. Moderate degenerative changes to the ovine shoulder joint were found on MRI and histological evaluation. The arthroscopic tenotomy of the LHBT and the anterior glenohumeral joint capsule section caused moderate degenerative changes to the ovine shoulder joint. View Full-Text
Keywords: shoulder; osteoarthritis; surgery; animal; model shoulder; osteoarthritis; surgery; animal; model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Longo, U.G.; Forriol, F.; Candela, V.; Tecce, S.M.; De Salvatore, S.; Altonaga, J.R.; Wallace, A.L.; Denaro, V. Arthroscopic Tenotomy of the Long Head of the Biceps Tendon and Section of the Anterior Joint Capsule Produce Moderate Osteoarthritic Changes in an Experimental Sheep Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7471. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147471

AMA Style

Longo UG, Forriol F, Candela V, Tecce SM, De Salvatore S, Altonaga JR, Wallace AL, Denaro V. Arthroscopic Tenotomy of the Long Head of the Biceps Tendon and Section of the Anterior Joint Capsule Produce Moderate Osteoarthritic Changes in an Experimental Sheep Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7471. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147471

Chicago/Turabian Style

Longo, Umile G., Francisco Forriol, Vincenzo Candela, Salvatore M. Tecce, Sergio De Salvatore, Jose R. Altonaga, Andrew L. Wallace, and Vincenzo Denaro. 2021. "Arthroscopic Tenotomy of the Long Head of the Biceps Tendon and Section of the Anterior Joint Capsule Produce Moderate Osteoarthritic Changes in an Experimental Sheep Model" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7471. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147471

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