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Article

Investigating the Association between Outdoor Environment and Outdoor Activities for Seniors Living in Old Residential Communities

1
School of Civil Engineering, Sanjiang University, Nanjing 210012, China
2
College of Economic and Management, Nanjing Institute of Industry Technology, Nanjing 210023, China
3
XIPU Institution, Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou 215123, China
4
Department of Civil Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou 215123, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fermina Rojo-Pérez, Gloria Fernández-Mayoralas, Diego Sánchez-González and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7500; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147500
Received: 8 April 2021 / Revised: 4 July 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 14 July 2021
Many seniors live in old residential communities (ORCs) with low-quality outdoor environment (OE), which hinders the residents’ outdoor daily activities (ODAs). This paper empirically investigates the association of OE on ODAs for seniors living in ORCs. A questionnaire was designed and distributed in six central districts of Nanjing city. A total of 258 questionnaires was finally collected, of which 60.08%, 29.46%, 9.69%, and 0.78% respondents were scattered into four age groups (61–69, 70–79, 80–89, and ≥90), respectively. Based on reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and regression analysis, the results show that: (1) social activities are mainly associated with noise; (2) leisure activities are significantly associated with road accessibility, slip-resistance measures, greenery, and staff; (3) utilitarian-type activities are significantly associated with stairway accessibility, slip-resistance measures, greenery, and seating; (4) there is a significant association between nature-exposure activities and layout, greenery, and poor air quality. The findings could guide Chinese officials when renewing ORCs by addressing the most important outdoor environmental factors associated with ODAs. View Full-Text
Keywords: outdoor environment; daily outdoor activities; old residential communities; seniors outdoor environment; daily outdoor activities; old residential communities; seniors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, S.; Guo, N.; Zheng, C.; Song, Y.; Hao, J. Investigating the Association between Outdoor Environment and Outdoor Activities for Seniors Living in Old Residential Communities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7500. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147500

AMA Style

Yu S, Guo N, Zheng C, Song Y, Hao J. Investigating the Association between Outdoor Environment and Outdoor Activities for Seniors Living in Old Residential Communities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7500. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147500

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yu, Shiwang, Na Guo, Caimiao Zheng, Yu Song, and Jianli Hao. 2021. "Investigating the Association between Outdoor Environment and Outdoor Activities for Seniors Living in Old Residential Communities" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7500. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147500

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