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Article

Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire: An Instrument for Occupation-Based Research

1
Department of Pathology and Surgery, Miguel Hernández University, 03550 Alicante, Spain
2
Grupo de Investigación en Terapia Ocupacional (InTeO), Miguel Hernández University, 03550 Alicante, Spain
3
Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University, 03550 Alicante, Spain
4
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, 22363 Lund, Sweden
5
Department of Rehabilitation, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, 55111 Jönköping, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors share first authorship.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7506; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147506
Received: 18 June 2021 / Revised: 12 July 2021 / Accepted: 13 July 2021 / Published: 14 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Instruments for Measuring Health)
Occupational balance (OB) may be a major determinant of health outcomes due to its role in bringing a sense of purpose in the occupations that are personally experienced as a process of getting health and wellness. The Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) is a reliable instrument for measuring OB, although it has not been adapted and validated in Spain so far; therefore, this study had a double aim: (1) to translate and cross-culturally adapt the original OBQ version into Spanish (OBQ-E); (2) to analyze the psychometric properties for its use in the Spanish population. Standard procedures were used for the cross-adaptation process and pilot testing was carried out using three different samples to extend the applicability of the OBQ-E. Validation measures of the final version of the OBQ-E were conducted in a sample of 219 participants. The OBQ-E showed that items and instructions were culturally appropriate and written clearly. Psychometric testing showed excellent internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.87; Guttman split-half coefficient = 0.85), good test–retest reliability (rs (Spearman rho) = 0.73), and acceptable convergent validity (overall status, rs = 0.37; Related Quality of Life, rs = 0.42; Satisfaction with Life Scale, rs = 0.54). The findings suggest that the OBQ-E may be a suitable instrument for assessing OB in the Spanish population; hence, it is a promising tool for epidemiological research that will significantly contribute to the understanding of OB as a health-related factor. Nevertheless, further investigation is also warranted to explore the potentiality of this instrument for clinical purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational balance; questionnaire; adaptation; validation; psychometric testing occupational balance; questionnaire; adaptation; validation; psychometric testing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peral-Gómez, P.; López-Roig, S.; Pastor-Mira, M.Á.; Abad-Navarro, E.; Valera-Gran, D.; Håkansson, C.; Wagman, P. Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire: An Instrument for Occupation-Based Research. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7506. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147506

AMA Style

Peral-Gómez P, López-Roig S, Pastor-Mira MÁ, Abad-Navarro E, Valera-Gran D, Håkansson C, Wagman P. Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire: An Instrument for Occupation-Based Research. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7506. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147506

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peral-Gómez, Paula, Sofía López-Roig, María Á. Pastor-Mira, Ester Abad-Navarro, Desirée Valera-Gran, Carita Håkansson, and Petra Wagman. 2021. "Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire: An Instrument for Occupation-Based Research" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7506. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147506

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