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Article

Psychosocial Burden and Strains of Pedagogues—Using the Job Demands-Resources Theory to Predict Burnout, Job Satisfaction, General State of Health, and Life Satisfaction

1
Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland
2
Heidelberg University, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3
Department of Psychology, University of Education Freiburg, 79117 Freiburg, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Juan A. Moriano and Ana Laguía
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7921; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18157921
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 20 July 2021 / Accepted: 21 July 2021 / Published: 27 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Stress and Health: Psychological Burden and Burnout)
The current study examines the Job Demands-Resources theory among pedagogical professionals. A total of 466 pedagogues (n = 227 teachers; n = 239 social workers) completed the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire online. After testing the questionnaire structure using confirmatory factor analysis, a JD-R-based prediction model to predict effects of strains on the outcome constructs of burnout, job satisfaction, general state of health, and life satisfaction was estimated. The results confirm the questionnaire structure (RMSEA= 0.038; CFI = 0.94) as well as the fit of the prediction model (RMSEA = 0.039; CFI = 0.93). The outcome constructs could be predicted by emotional demands, work–privacy conflict, role conflicts, influence at work, scope for decision making, and opportunities for development (0.41 ≤ R² ≤ 0.57). Especially for life satisfaction, a moderator analysis proved the differences between teachers and social workers in the structure of the prediction model. For teachers, quantitative demands and work–privacy conflict are predictive, and for social workers, role conflicts and burnout are predictive. The study offers starting points for job-related measures of prevention and intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; pedagogues; Job Demands-Resources Theory; job satisfaction burnout; pedagogues; Job Demands-Resources Theory; job satisfaction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Drüge, M.; Schladitz, S.; Wirtz, M.A.; Schleider, K. Psychosocial Burden and Strains of Pedagogues—Using the Job Demands-Resources Theory to Predict Burnout, Job Satisfaction, General State of Health, and Life Satisfaction. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7921. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18157921

AMA Style

Drüge M, Schladitz S, Wirtz MA, Schleider K. Psychosocial Burden and Strains of Pedagogues—Using the Job Demands-Resources Theory to Predict Burnout, Job Satisfaction, General State of Health, and Life Satisfaction. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7921. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18157921

Chicago/Turabian Style

Drüge, Marie, Sandra Schladitz, Markus A. Wirtz, and Karin Schleider. 2021. "Psychosocial Burden and Strains of Pedagogues—Using the Job Demands-Resources Theory to Predict Burnout, Job Satisfaction, General State of Health, and Life Satisfaction" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7921. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18157921

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