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Article

Understanding the Life, Pain, and Barriers to Physical Activity in Korean Patients with Panic Disorder: Photovoice Inquiry

1
Department of Gerokinesiology, Kyungil University, Kyungsan 38428, Korea
2
Chungbuk Boeun Naebuk Public Health Center, Department of Health Administration, Boeun 28943, Korea
3
Health and Fitness Management, College of Health, Clayton State University, Morrow, GA 30260, USA
4
Health Care Management, College of Health, Clayton State University, Morrow, GA 30260, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Domingo Palacios-Ceña
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 8140; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18158140
Received: 22 June 2021 / Revised: 22 July 2021 / Accepted: 29 July 2021 / Published: 31 July 2021
Purpose: This study attempted to understand the life, pain, and barriers to physical activity in the daily life of patients with panic disorder (PD). It aimed to provide specific evidence to promote physical activity for patients, suggesting that suitable physical activity strategies for patients with PD would be of value. Methods: Seven patients were invited to participate in a photovoice study. Photovoice is one example of participatory action research. Results: This study inductively identified two main themes: the life and pain of patients with PD and perceived barriers to participate in physical activity by patients with panic disorder. Conclusion: Based on a specific understanding of the population, this study attempted to provide evidence why patients with panic disorder need appropriate physical-activity-promoting strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoice; patients with panic disorder; life and pain; physical activity photovoice; patients with panic disorder; life and pain; physical activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, K.-O.; Ryu, J.-H.; Chung, H.-R.; Butler, M.K.; Gritzmacher, D. Understanding the Life, Pain, and Barriers to Physical Activity in Korean Patients with Panic Disorder: Photovoice Inquiry. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8140. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18158140

AMA Style

Kim K-O, Ryu J-H, Chung H-R, Butler MK, Gritzmacher D. Understanding the Life, Pain, and Barriers to Physical Activity in Korean Patients with Panic Disorder: Photovoice Inquiry. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):8140. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18158140

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Kyung-O, Jae-Hyeong Ryu, Hae-Ryong Chung, Marcia K. Butler, and Deborah Gritzmacher. 2021. "Understanding the Life, Pain, and Barriers to Physical Activity in Korean Patients with Panic Disorder: Photovoice Inquiry" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 8140. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18158140

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