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Article

Influence of Oral Health Care Systems on Future Career Environment of Dental Students in Europe

by 1,2,3,*, 3, 4, 1,5, 3,6, 7,8 and 1,9,10
1
Department of Restorative, Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, 3010 Bern, Switzerland
2
Department of Periodontology and Operative Dentistry, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, 55131 Mainz, Germany
3
FVDZ Free Association of German Dentists, 53177 Bonn, Germany
4
SSO Swiss Dental Association, 3000 Bern, Switzerland
5
Association of Statutory Health Insurance Dentists North Rhine (KZV Nordrhein), 40237 Düsseldorf, Germany
6
EDSA European Dental Students’ Association, D02 PN40 Dublin, Ireland
7
Periodontology Department, School of Dentistry, Istanbul Medipol University, Beykoz, İstanbul 34810, Turkey
8
Turkish Dental Association (Türk Dişhekimleri Birliği), Ckurambar, Ankara 06530, Turkey
9
Department of Surgery, Microsurgery and Medicine Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Sassari, I-07100 Sassari, Italy
10
School of Dentistry, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 119435 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8292; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168292
Received: 17 June 2021 / Revised: 15 July 2021 / Accepted: 2 August 2021 / Published: 5 August 2021
Oral healthcare is organized subsidiarily and independently by nation states in Europe and also within the EU and consequently, major differences between the nation states and the various oral healthcare systems in Europe are present. The socialization in the respective catchment area can have an impact on the job choice and the perception of employment opportunities of different professional groups. Therefore, the purpose of this survey was to elucidate the influence of different oral healthcare systems on students living or studying in the respective catchment area. A questionnaire (in English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish) with 18 different components was administered. Data on gender, age, country of origin, university, semester, nationality, expected time of graduation, and forecast for future professional practices were gathered. In addition, 3851 students participated (2863 f/988 m). The sample distribution was uneven with predominantly Bismarckian and Southern European System participants. The National oral health care system was statistically significantly linked (p < 0.01) to the ownership period of a dental practice. Students in Bismarckian and Nordic systems tended to find their own practice earlier than in the Beverdigian system or Southern European and Transitional—East European systems. An association between the oral health care system and vocational training was inhomogeneous, but also significantly different (p < 0.01). The majority (47.51%, n = 1555) would like to work in their own practice, 18.95% (n = 621) want to establish a practice with two or more owners. It was striking that no student would like to work in the investor practice/practice chain of both Nordic, Beveridgian and Transitional—East European countries systems (p < 0.01). The oral health care system in which a dental student grows up/resides/studies influences the career choice/perception of future professional practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: future career; expectations; oral health care system; dental practice; Europe; dental students future career; expectations; oral health care system; dental practice; Europe; dental students
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wolf, T.G.; Otterbach, E.-J.; Zeyer, O.; Wagner, R.F.; Crnić, T.; Ilhan, D.; Campus, G. Influence of Oral Health Care Systems on Future Career Environment of Dental Students in Europe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8292. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168292

AMA Style

Wolf TG, Otterbach E-J, Zeyer O, Wagner RF, Crnić T, Ilhan D, Campus G. Influence of Oral Health Care Systems on Future Career Environment of Dental Students in Europe. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8292. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168292

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wolf, Thomas G., Ernst-Jürgen Otterbach, Oliver Zeyer, Ralf F. Wagner, Tin Crnić, Duygu Ilhan, and Guglielmo Campus. 2021. "Influence of Oral Health Care Systems on Future Career Environment of Dental Students in Europe" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8292. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168292

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