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Article

Preschoolers’ and Mothers Dietary Practices and Compliance with the 24-h Movement Guidelines: Results of Oman’s National Nutrition Survey

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Nutrition Department, Ministry of Health, Muscat 393, Oman
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Nutrition Department, School of Health Sciences, Modern University of Business and Sciences, Beirut 113-7501, Lebanon
3
Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (EMRO), World Health Organization (WHO), Cairo 11371, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8867; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168867
Received: 8 July 2021 / Revised: 2 August 2021 / Accepted: 8 August 2021 / Published: 23 August 2021
Introduction: Little is known on the nutritional and lifestyle variables of preschool children in Oman. This study analyzed data of the 2017 Oman National Nutrition Survey to assess the prevalence and interrelationships between dietary and movement variables among preschool children, aged 2–5 years. Methods: Household visits of a nationally representative sample evaluated mothers and children’s dietary, sleep and physical activity practices; media exposure; and anthropometric and sociodemographic variables. Results: Dyads of mothers and pre-school children aged 2–5 years (n = 1771) were assessed. Childhood overweight/obesity was prevalent in 2% of the sample. Over 54% of children consumed sweetened items and/or French fries or chips at least once daily. Over 65% of children had fruits and/or vegetables once daily or less. Mothers had healthier dietary and movement habits compared to their offspring. Compliance with media exposure was the lowest among mothers and children. Multivariate regression revealed children’s increased sweet intake was the only significant predictor of excess weight in children. Conclusion: This study revealed a low prevalence of overweight/obesity among preschool children in Oman. Children had an acceptable compliance with sleeping recommendations, yet limited adherence to media exposure, activity, added sugar and fruits and vegetables guidelines. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood obesity; physical activity; media exposure; sleep hygiene; 24-h movement guidelines childhood obesity; physical activity; media exposure; sleep hygiene; 24-h movement guidelines
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MDPI and ACS Style

Almaamary, S.; Al Shammakhi, S.; Alghamari, I.; Jabbour, J.; Al-Jawaldeh, A. Preschoolers’ and Mothers Dietary Practices and Compliance with the 24-h Movement Guidelines: Results of Oman’s National Nutrition Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8867. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168867

AMA Style

Almaamary S, Al Shammakhi S, Alghamari I, Jabbour J, Al-Jawaldeh A. Preschoolers’ and Mothers Dietary Practices and Compliance with the 24-h Movement Guidelines: Results of Oman’s National Nutrition Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8867. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168867

Chicago/Turabian Style

Almaamary, Salima, Saleh Al Shammakhi, Ibtisam Alghamari, Jana Jabbour, and Ayoub Al-Jawaldeh. 2021. "Preschoolers’ and Mothers Dietary Practices and Compliance with the 24-h Movement Guidelines: Results of Oman’s National Nutrition Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8867. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168867

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