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Article

Changes in Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Admitted to Inpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation

1
Surgical, Medical and Dental Department of Morphological Sciences Related to Transplant, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine CHIMOMO, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via del Pozzo n.71, 41124 Modena, Italy
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Scientific Directorate, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Viale Umberto I n.50, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy
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Clinical and Experimental Medicine PhD Program, University of Modena Reggio Emilia, Via del Pozzo n.71, 41124 Modena, Italy
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Respiratory Diseases Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences SMECHIMAI, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, University Hospital of Modena, Via del Pozzo n.71, 41124 Modena, Italy
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Respiratory Rehabilitation of Ospedale Villa Pineta-KOS Group, Via Gaiato n. 127, Pavullo nel Frignano, 41026 Modena, Italy
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Epidemiology Unit, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Viale Amendola n.2, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy
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School of Respiratory Medicine, University of Modena Reggio Emilia, Via del Pozzo n.71, 41124 Modena, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Edgar Ramos Vieira
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8871; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168871
Received: 20 July 2021 / Revised: 17 August 2021 / Accepted: 18 August 2021 / Published: 23 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Therapy in Geriatrics)
Aims: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has proven to be effective and beneficial in middle-aged and older patients. However, solid data in large cohorts of elderly individuals are yet to be explored. This retrospective study investigated the general characteristics, outcomes, and the level of response of patients referred to CR over 13 consecutive years. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients admitted to Villa Pineta Rehabilitation Hospital for exercise-based CR from 2006 to 2018. The patients’ baseline characteristics and changes following CR in an upper-limb weightlifting test (ULW), 30-s sit-to-stand test (30STS), and the 6-min walking test (6MWT) with associated Borg-related dyspnea (D) and fatigue (F) were collected. We also calculated the number of individuals that reached the minimal clinically relevant change (MCRC) following CR for each outcome. Results: One thousand five hundred and fifty-one patients (70.2 ± 9.7 years, 66% men) with complete datasets were included in the analysis. Coronary artery bypass graft and cardiac valve replacement surgery were the most frequent surgical procedures leading to CR referral (41.1% and 35.8%, respectively). The patients’ age (p = 0.03), number of total comorbidities (p < 0.0001), and post-surgical complications (p = 0.02) significantly increased over time. In contrast, the average absolute changes in ULW, 30STS, and 6MWT with associated D and F, and the proportion of patients that reached their respective MCRC, remained constant over the same period. Conclusion: The patients admitted to exercise-based CR were older and had more comorbidities and complications over time. The outcomes, however, were not influenced in terms of the absolute change or clinically meaningful response. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiac rehabilitation; cardiovascular diseases; treatment outcome; comorbidity; elderly; exercise cardiac rehabilitation; cardiovascular diseases; treatment outcome; comorbidity; elderly; exercise
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MDPI and ACS Style

Costi, S.; Tonelli, R.; Brogneri, A.; Florini, F.; Tilocca, N.; Vicentini, M.; Baroncini, S.; Cerulli, M.; Clini, E. Changes in Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Admitted to Inpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8871. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168871

AMA Style

Costi S, Tonelli R, Brogneri A, Florini F, Tilocca N, Vicentini M, Baroncini S, Cerulli M, Clini E. Changes in Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Admitted to Inpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8871. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168871

Chicago/Turabian Style

Costi, Stefania, Roberto Tonelli, Antonio Brogneri, Fabio Florini, Nicolò Tilocca, Massimo Vicentini, Serena Baroncini, Massimo Cerulli, and Enrico Clini. 2021. "Changes in Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Admitted to Inpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8871. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168871

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