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Bioaccumulation of Macronutrients in Edible Mushrooms in Various Habitat Conditions of NW Poland—Role in the Human Diet
Communication

210Po and 210Pb in King Bolete (Boletus edulis) and Related Mushroom Species: Estimated Effective Radiation Dose and Geospatial Distribution in Central and Eastern Europe

1
Laboratory of Toxicology and Radiation Protection, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdańsk, 63 Wita Stwosza Street, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland
2
Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Science, Division of Diagnostics and Specialist Medicine, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden
3
Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Łódź, 1 Muszyńskiego Street, 90-151 Łódź, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9573; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18189573
Received: 22 July 2021 / Revised: 6 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 11 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment–Macromycetes (Fungi)–Edible Fungi)
210Po and 210Pb occur naturally and are the most radiotoxic isotopes of the uranium (U) decay chain. Samples of Boletus edulis and related mushroom species, including B. pinophilus, B. reticulatus, B. luridus and B. impolitus, collected from Poland and Belarus were investigated for the activity concentrations of these isotopes and also for their potential health risk through adult human consumption. The results showed that spatially, the occurrence of 210Po and 210Po was heterogeneous, with activities varying from 0.91 to 4.47 Bq∙kg−1 dry biomass and from 0.82 to 5.82 Bq∙kg−1 db, respectively. Caps and stipes of the fruiting bodies showed similar levels of contamination. Consumption of boletes foraged in Poland could result in exposure to a combined radiation dose of 10 µSv∙kg−1 db from both isotopes. This dose is not significant compared to the total annual effective radiation dose of 210Po and 210Pb (54–471 µSv∙kg−1) from all sources, suggesting that these mushrooms are comparatively safe for human consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: food toxicology; foodstuffs; forest; polonium; lead; radiochemistry; trace elements food toxicology; foodstuffs; forest; polonium; lead; radiochemistry; trace elements
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MDPI and ACS Style

Strumińska-Parulska, D.; Moniakowska, A.; Olszewski, G.; Falandysz, J. 210Po and 210Pb in King Bolete (Boletus edulis) and Related Mushroom Species: Estimated Effective Radiation Dose and Geospatial Distribution in Central and Eastern Europe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9573. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18189573

AMA Style

Strumińska-Parulska D, Moniakowska A, Olszewski G, Falandysz J. 210Po and 210Pb in King Bolete (Boletus edulis) and Related Mushroom Species: Estimated Effective Radiation Dose and Geospatial Distribution in Central and Eastern Europe. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9573. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18189573

Chicago/Turabian Style

Strumińska-Parulska, Dagmara, Aleksandra Moniakowska, Grzegorz Olszewski, and Jerzy Falandysz. 2021. "210Po and 210Pb in King Bolete (Boletus edulis) and Related Mushroom Species: Estimated Effective Radiation Dose and Geospatial Distribution in Central and Eastern Europe" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9573. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18189573

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