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Article

Validation and Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) and Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and Associations with Travel, Tourism and Hospitality

1
ISCET—Higher Institute of Business Sciences and Tourism, Rua de Cedofeita, 285, 4050-180 Porto, Portugal
2
Research Center in Business and Economics (CICEE), Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, Rua Sta. Marta 47, 5.° Andar, 1150-293 Lisboa, Portugal
3
UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit (FP-ENAS), University Fernando Pessoa (UFP), Praça 9 de Abril 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal
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Department of Mathematics (DM.UTAD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Quinta de Prados, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
5
School of Human and Social Sciences (ECHS), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Quinta de Prados, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 427; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020427
Received: 4 December 2020 / Revised: 28 December 2020 / Accepted: 4 January 2021 / Published: 7 January 2021
The aim of this study is to determine the anxiety and fear related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and their associations with travel, tourism and hospitality, in the Portuguese population. The Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) and Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) were validated for the Portuguese population and correlations with issues related to travel, tourism and hospitality were established. CAS and FCV-19S presented a good adjustment model and solid reliability and validity. Correlations between CAS and FCV-19S and the perception of the impact of COVID-19 in travel, tourism and hospitality were found. Participants considered that COVID-19 mainly affected their holidays and leisure time. However, the strongest correlation established was between total FCV-19S and emotional fear FCV-19S and the fear of attending hotel facilities. The Portuguese versions of CAS and FCV-19S are reliable psychological tools to assess anxiety and fear in relation to COVID-19 for the general population. The use of hotel facilities is the most threatening issue related to travel, tourism and hospitality. The results suggest that hotels should invest in hygiene and safety measures that allow users to regain confidence in hotel equipment. View Full-Text
Keywords: Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS); Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S); travel; tourism; hospitality Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS); Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S); travel; tourism; hospitality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Magano, J.; Vidal, D.G.; Sousa, H.F.P.e.; Dinis, M.A.P.; Leite, Â. Validation and Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) and Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and Associations with Travel, Tourism and Hospitality. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 427. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020427

AMA Style

Magano J, Vidal DG, Sousa HFPe, Dinis MAP, Leite Â. Validation and Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) and Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and Associations with Travel, Tourism and Hospitality. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):427. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020427

Chicago/Turabian Style

Magano, José, Diogo G. Vidal, Hélder F.P.e. Sousa, Maria A.P. Dinis, and Ângela Leite. 2021. "Validation and Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) and Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and Associations with Travel, Tourism and Hospitality" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 427. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020427

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