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Article

Ball Impact Position in Recreational Male Padel Players: Implications for Training and Injury Management

1
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia. C/ Argentina, s/n, 30720 San Javier, Spain
2
Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 13, 46010 Valencia, Spain
3
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Gortanova ul. 22, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
4
Department of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, Av. de la Universidad, s/n, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
5
Department of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, Faculty of Education, University of Valencia, Av. dels Tarongers, 4, 46022 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 435; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020435
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 5 January 2021 / Published: 7 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport Modalities, Performance and Health)
Racket sports such as padel are characterized by the repetition of unilateral gestures, which can lead to negative adaptations like asymmetries or overuse musculoskeletal injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in ball impact positions (i.e., forward or backward of the center of gravity) in nine stroke types in a sample of forty-eight recreational male padel players. The sample included 14,478 shots corresponding to 18 matches from six tournaments. Forty-eight male padel players were classified into two groups according to their level: trained (n = 24) and novice (n = 24). Type of stroke and ball impact position were registered using a computerized motion tracking video system. The ball impact position was computed from the distance (cm) between the coordinates of the ball and the player’s center of gravity. Results show that trained players hit the ball in a more backward position (from 11 to 25 cm, compared to novice) in serve and offensive strokes (volleys, trays, and smashes) but used more forward strokes (from 7 to 32 cm, compared to novice) in defensive shots (groundstrokes, wall strokes, and lobs). Because the current differential variables are trainable and demonstrated to be of relevance for performance, the findings of this study may assist padel coaches in designing proper training plans to improve effectiveness and to prevent musculoskeletal injuries regarding the type of stroke and ball impact position. Such knowledge may constitute a very important factor affecting technique, biomechanics, and injury management in padel players of different competitive levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: racket sports; overuse injury; biomechanics; game actions racket sports; overuse injury; biomechanics; game actions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Alcaraz, B.J.; Martínez-Gallego, R.; Llana, S.; Vučković, G.; Muñoz, D.; Courel-Ibáñez, J.; Sánchez-Pay, A.; Ramón-Llin, J. Ball Impact Position in Recreational Male Padel Players: Implications for Training and Injury Management. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 435. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020435

AMA Style

Sánchez-Alcaraz BJ, Martínez-Gallego R, Llana S, Vučković G, Muñoz D, Courel-Ibáñez J, Sánchez-Pay A, Ramón-Llin J. Ball Impact Position in Recreational Male Padel Players: Implications for Training and Injury Management. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):435. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020435

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Alcaraz, Bernardino J., Rafael Martínez-Gallego, Salvador Llana, Goran Vučković, Diego Muñoz, Javier Courel-Ibáñez, Alejandro Sánchez-Pay, and Jesús Ramón-Llin. 2021. "Ball Impact Position in Recreational Male Padel Players: Implications for Training and Injury Management" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 435. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020435

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