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Article

Psychosocial Factors Predicting Resilience in Family Caregivers of Children with Cancer: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Evidence-Based Medicine Research Unit, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, National Institute of Health, Dr. Márquez 162, Doctores, Cuauhtémoc, Mexico City 06720, Mexico
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Comisión Nacional de Arbitraje Médico. Mitla No. 250-10 Piso, esq. Eje 5 Sur (Eugenia), Col. Narvarte, Benito Juárez, Mexico City 03020, Mexico
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Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Dr. Carlos Canseco, 110, Esq. Dr. Aguirre Pequeño, Col. Mitras Centro, Monterrey 64460, Mexico
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Centro de Estudios Económicos y Sociales en Salud, Hospital Infantil de México Federico, Gómez, National Institute of Health, Dr. Márquez 162, Doctores, Cuauhtémoc, Mexico City 06720, Mexico
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Facultad de Trabajo Social, Universidad Nacional del Altiplano Puno, Floral 1153, Puno 21001, Peru
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 748; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020748
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 2 December 2020 / Accepted: 9 December 2020 / Published: 17 January 2021
Chronic diseases in childhood can affect the physical and mental health of patients and their families. The objective of this study was to identify the sociodemographic and psychosocial factors that predict resilience in family caregivers of children with cancer and to define whether there are differences in the levels of resilience derived from these sociodemographic variables. Three hundred and thirty family caregivers of children with cancer, with an average age of 32.6 years were interviewed. The caregivers responded to a battery of tests that included a questionnaire of sociodemographic variables, the Measuring Scale of Resilience, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Inventory of Quality of Life, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, an interview of caregiver burden and the World Health Organization Well-Being Index. The main findings indicate that family caregivers of children with cancer reported high levels of resilience, which were associated positively with quality of life, psychological well-being and years of study and associated negatively with depression, anxiety and caregiver burden. The variables that predicted resilience in families of children with cancer were quality of life, psychological well-being, depression and number of children. Family caregivers who were married and Catholic showed higher resilience scores. We conclude that being a caregiver in a family with children with cancer is associated with symptoms of anxiety and with depressive episodes. These issues can be overcome through family strength, well-being, quality of life and positive adaptation processes and mobilization of family resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; family caregivers; children; cancer; depression; México; caregiver burden; stress; well-being; quality of life resilience; family caregivers; children; cancer; depression; México; caregiver burden; stress; well-being; quality of life
MDPI and ACS Style

Toledano-Toledano, F.; Luna, D.; Moral de la Rubia, J.; Martínez Valverde, S.; Bermúdez Morón, C.A.; Salazar García, M.; Vasquez Pauca, M.J. Psychosocial Factors Predicting Resilience in Family Caregivers of Children with Cancer: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 748. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020748

AMA Style

Toledano-Toledano F, Luna D, Moral de la Rubia J, Martínez Valverde S, Bermúdez Morón CA, Salazar García M, Vasquez Pauca MJ. Psychosocial Factors Predicting Resilience in Family Caregivers of Children with Cancer: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):748. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020748

Chicago/Turabian Style

Toledano-Toledano, Filiberto, David Luna, José Moral de la Rubia, Silvia Martínez Valverde, Carlos A. Bermúdez Morón, Marcela Salazar García, and Mario J. Vasquez Pauca 2021. "Psychosocial Factors Predicting Resilience in Family Caregivers of Children with Cancer: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 748. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020748

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