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Article

Chronic Effects of a Training Program Using a Nasal Inspiratory Restriction Device on Elite Cyclists

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Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, Puerto Real, 11003 Cádiz, Spain
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Galeno Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, 11003 Cádiz, Spain
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Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cádiz (INiBICA) Research Unit, Puerta del Mar University Hospital University of Cádiz, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
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Bahía Sur Andalusian Center for Sports Medicine, 11100 Cádiz, Spain
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MOVE-IT Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, 11003 Cádiz, Spain
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Allergy and Thoracic Surgery Department, University Hospital Puerta del Mar. Pneumology, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
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National Cycling Coach, IES, Stadium Path 2504, Hong Kong
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Department of Physical Education & Sports, University of Granada, 18010 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 777; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020777
Received: 4 December 2020 / Revised: 15 January 2021 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 18 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Respiratory Muscle Training for Health and Performance)
This study compared the response of a 9-week cycling training on ventilatory efficiency under two conditions: (i) Combined with respiratory muscle training (RMT) using a new nasal restriction device (FeelBreathe) (FB group) and (ii) without RMT (Control group). Eighteen healthy elite cyclists were randomly separated into the FB group (n = 10) or Control group (n = 8). Gas exchange was measured breath by breath to measure ventilatory efficiency during an incremental test on a cycloergometer before (Pre) and after (Post) the nine weeks of training. The FB group showed higher peak power (Δ (95%HDI) (0.82 W/kg (0.49, 1.17)), VO2max (5.27 mL/kg/min (0.69, 10.83)) and VT1 (29.3 W (1.8, 56.7)) compared to Control at PostFINAL. The FB group showed lower values from Pre to PostPRE in minute ventilation (VE) (−21.0 L/min (−29.7, −11.5)), Breathing frequency (BF) (−5.1 breaths/min (−9.4, −0.9)), carbon dioxide output (VCO2) (−0.5 L/min (−0.7, −0.2)), respiratory equivalents for oxygen (EqO2) (−0.8 L/min (−2.4, 0.8)), heart rate (HR) (−5.9 beats/min (−9.2, −2.5)), respiratory exchange ratio (RER) (−0.1 (−0.1, −0.0) and a higher value in inspiratory time (Tin) (0.05 s (0.00, 0.10)), expiratory time (Tex) (0.11 s (0.05, 0.17)) and end-tidal partial pressure of CO2 (PETCO2) (0.3 mmHg (0.1, 0.6)). In conclusion, RMT using FB seems to be a new and easy alternative ergogenic tool which can be used at the same time as day-to-day training for performance enhancement. View Full-Text
Keywords: respiratory muscle training; cyclists; cardiopulmonary exercise testing respiratory muscle training; cyclists; cardiopulmonary exercise testing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gonzalez-Montesinos, J.L.; Fernandez-Santos, J.R.; Vaz-Pardal, C.; Aragon-Martin, R.; Arnedillo-Muñoz, A.; Reina-Novo, J.; Orantes-Gonzalez, E.; Heredia-Jimenez, J.; Ponce-Gonzalez, J.G. Chronic Effects of a Training Program Using a Nasal Inspiratory Restriction Device on Elite Cyclists. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 777. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020777

AMA Style

Gonzalez-Montesinos JL, Fernandez-Santos JR, Vaz-Pardal C, Aragon-Martin R, Arnedillo-Muñoz A, Reina-Novo J, Orantes-Gonzalez E, Heredia-Jimenez J, Ponce-Gonzalez JG. Chronic Effects of a Training Program Using a Nasal Inspiratory Restriction Device on Elite Cyclists. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):777. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020777

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gonzalez-Montesinos, Jose L., Jorge R. Fernandez-Santos, Carmen Vaz-Pardal, Ruben Aragon-Martin, Aurelio Arnedillo-Muñoz, Jose Reina-Novo, Eva Orantes-Gonzalez, Jose Heredia-Jimenez, and Jesus G. Ponce-Gonzalez 2021. "Chronic Effects of a Training Program Using a Nasal Inspiratory Restriction Device on Elite Cyclists" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 777. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18020777

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