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Open AccessReview

Effectiveness of Complementary Therapies in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Nursing, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
2
Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
3
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
4
Public Health Business Agency Hospital de Poniente, 04700 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paula Parás-Bravo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1017; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031017
Received: 15 November 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 24 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Research)
According to the World Health Organization, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world. In Spain, about a quarter of a million cases were diagnosed in 2017, and 81% of the Spanish population has used, at least once, some kind of complementary therapy. Said therapies are increasingly being used by cancer patients. The purpose of the study is to analyse the effectiveness of complementary therapies among cancer patients. A systematic peer review was conducted following the PRISMA-ScR guide in four databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus and WOS). The inclusion criteria were Randomised Clinical Trials, published between 2013 and 2018, with a value of 3 or more on the Jadad Scale. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019127593). The study sample amounted to 1845 patients (64.55% women), the most common being breast cancer patients (794), followed by lung cancer patients (341). Fifteen complementary therapies were identified. We found two studies for each of the following: electroacupuncture, phytotherapy, hypnotherapy, guided imagery and progressive muscle relaxation. From the remaining ones, we identified a study on each therapy. The findings reveal some effective complementary therapies: auriculotherapy and acupuncture, laser moxibustion, hypnosis, Ayurveda, electroacupuncture, progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery, yoga, phytotherapy, music therapy and traditional Chinese medicine. On the other hand, electroacupuncture, laser moxibustion and traditional Chinese medicine presented adverse effects, and kinesiology did not show effectiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: complementary therapies; effectiveness; neoplasms; Randomised Controlled Trial; systematic review; treatment outcome complementary therapies; effectiveness; neoplasms; Randomised Controlled Trial; systematic review; treatment outcome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guerra-Martín, M.D.; Tejedor-Bueno, M.S.; Correa-Casado, M. Effectiveness of Complementary Therapies in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1017. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031017

AMA Style

Guerra-Martín MD, Tejedor-Bueno MS, Correa-Casado M. Effectiveness of Complementary Therapies in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1017. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guerra-Martín, María D.; Tejedor-Bueno, María S.; Correa-Casado, Matías. 2021. "Effectiveness of Complementary Therapies in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 1017. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031017

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