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Open AccessArticle

A Study on the Causal Process of Virtual Reality Tourism and Its Attributes in Terms of Their Effects on Subjective Well-Being during COVID-19

by 1, 2,* and 2
1
School of Management, Bohai University, Jinzhou 121007, China
2
College of Tourism and Fashion, Pai Chai University, Daejeon 35345, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sunghyup Sean Hyun
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1019; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031019
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 15 January 2021 / Accepted: 20 January 2021 / Published: 24 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism/Hospitality and Well-being)
In the landscape of Covid-19 pandemic, people’s well-being, to some extent, can be affected through virtual reality tourism because it has the opportunity to enhance their level of well-being and destination recovery. To verify this empirically an investigation was conducted among people who used Quanjingke, the largest tourism-related virtual reality website in China, during the pandemic. The specific the aim of this paper is to prove the effectiveness of virtual reality tourism in promoting people’s subjective well-being. Hence, an integrated model with the constructs of peripheral attribute, core attribute and pivotal attribute, presence, perceived value, satisfaction, and subjective well-being was proposed and tested. The results indicate that attributes of virtual reality tourism have a positive effect on presence during virtual reality experiences, which positively influences perceived value. The values of virtual reality tourism perceived by tourists result in their satisfaction. Eventually, it was found that tourists’ subjective well-being is improved due to their satisfaction with virtual reality tourism. Practical suggestions are also provided based on the findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual reality tourism; subjective well-being; peripheral attribute; core attribute; pivotal attribute; presence; perceived value; satisfaction; Quanjingke virtual reality tourism; subjective well-being; peripheral attribute; core attribute; pivotal attribute; presence; perceived value; satisfaction; Quanjingke
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Song, H.; Guo, R. A Study on the Causal Process of Virtual Reality Tourism and Its Attributes in Terms of Their Effects on Subjective Well-Being during COVID-19. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1019. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031019

AMA Style

Li Y, Song H, Guo R. A Study on the Causal Process of Virtual Reality Tourism and Its Attributes in Terms of Their Effects on Subjective Well-Being during COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1019. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031019

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Yu; Song, HakJun; Guo, Rui. 2021. "A Study on the Causal Process of Virtual Reality Tourism and Its Attributes in Terms of Their Effects on Subjective Well-Being during COVID-19" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 1019. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031019

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