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Open AccessArticle

Reliability and Validity of the Malay Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ-M) among Overweight and Obese Adults

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Dietetic Program and Centre for Healthy Aging and Wellness, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Aziz, Kuala Lumpur 50300, Malaysia
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Clinical Psychology & Behavioural Health Program, Center for Community Health Studies (ReACH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Aziz, Kuala Lumpur 50300, Malaysia
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Centre for Research in Psychology and Human Well-being, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Bangi 43600, Malaysia
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Biomedical Science Program and Centre for Healthy Aging and Wellness, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Aziz, Kuala Lumpur 50300, Malaysia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1021; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031021
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 24 January 2021
The Mindful Eating Questionnaire is a reliable tool for the assessment of mindful eating behavior among the general population. This study aimed to determine the reliability and validity of The Malay Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ-M) in a sample of overweight and obese adults. This is a cross-sectional survey which involved 144 overweight and obese adults in a selected public university. After linguistic validation of the Malay version of the MEQ, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with varimax rotation was performed on the scale constructs. The psychometric properties of the MEQ were assessed through Cronbach’s alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) analysis. The EFA of the MEQ produced a seven-dimensional model (58.8% of overall variances). The concurrent validity analysis between total MEQ scores and total Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) scores indicated a weak non-significant correlation (p = 0.679). The internal consistency reliability of the MEQ was reasonable (Cronbach’s α = 0.64). The agreement stability of the MEQ over eight weeks was poor (ICC = 0.10). In conclusion, the psychometric properties of the Malay-translated MEQ are acceptable through construct validity and internal consistency reliability tests. This instrument may be used for assessing mindful eating habits in the Malaysian population, especially among overweight and obese adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: mindfulness; obesity; MEQ; reliability; validity mindfulness; obesity; MEQ; reliability; validity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdul Basir, S.M.; Abdul Manaf, Z.; Ahmad, M.; Abdul Kadir, N.B.; Ismail, W.N.K.; Mat Ludin, A.F.; Shahar, S. Reliability and Validity of the Malay Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ-M) among Overweight and Obese Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1021. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031021

AMA Style

Abdul Basir SM, Abdul Manaf Z, Ahmad M, Abdul Kadir NB, Ismail WNK, Mat Ludin AF, Shahar S. Reliability and Validity of the Malay Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ-M) among Overweight and Obese Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1021. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abdul Basir, Siti M.; Abdul Manaf, Zahara; Ahmad, Mahadir; Abdul Kadir, Nor B.; Ismail, Wan N.K.; Mat Ludin, Arimi F.; Shahar, Suzana. 2021. "Reliability and Validity of the Malay Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ-M) among Overweight and Obese Adults" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 1021. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031021

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