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Effects on Strength, Power and Speed Execution Using Exercise Balls, Semi-Sphere Balance Balls and Suspension Training Devices: A Systematic Review

Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF—Sports Department), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Academic Editors: Bruno Gonçalves, Hugo Folgado, Jorge Bravo and Pantelis T. Nikolaidis
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1026; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031026
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 20 January 2021 / Accepted: 21 January 2021 / Published: 24 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Training Methods to Improve Sports Performance and Health)
Research in instability has focused on the analysis of muscle activation. The aim of this systematic review was to analyse the effects of unstable devices on speed, strength and muscle power measurements administered in the form of controlled trials to healthy individuals in adulthood. A computerized systematic literature search was performed through electronic databases. According to the criteria for preparing systematic reviews PRISMA, nine studies met the inclusion criteria. The quality of the selected studies was evaluated using STROBE. The average score was 14.3 points, and the highest scores were located in ‘Introduction’ (100%) and ‘Discussion’ (80%). There is great heterogeneity in terms of performance variables. However, instability seems to affect these variables negatively. The strength variable was affected to a greater degree, but with intensities near to the 1RM, no differences are observed. As for power, a greater number of repetitions seems to benefit the production of this variable in instability in the upper limb. Instability, in comparison to a stable condition, decreases the parameters of strength, power, and muscular speed in adults. The differences shown are quite significant in most situations although slight decreases can be seen in certain situations. View Full-Text
Keywords: instability; resistance training; exercise ball; suspension training; performance instability; resistance training; exercise ball; suspension training; performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marquina, M.; Lorenzo-Calvo, J.; Rivilla-García, J.; García-Aliaga, A.; Refoyo Román, I. Effects on Strength, Power and Speed Execution Using Exercise Balls, Semi-Sphere Balance Balls and Suspension Training Devices: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1026. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031026

AMA Style

Marquina M, Lorenzo-Calvo J, Rivilla-García J, García-Aliaga A, Refoyo Román I. Effects on Strength, Power and Speed Execution Using Exercise Balls, Semi-Sphere Balance Balls and Suspension Training Devices: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1026. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031026

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marquina, Moisés; Lorenzo-Calvo, Jorge; Rivilla-García, Jesús; García-Aliaga, Abraham; Refoyo Román, Ignacio. 2021. "Effects on Strength, Power and Speed Execution Using Exercise Balls, Semi-Sphere Balance Balls and Suspension Training Devices: A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 1026. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031026

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