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Article

Association of the Use of the Mobile Phone with Physical Fitness and Academic Performance: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Performance and Sport Rehabilitation Laboratory, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45071 Toledo, Spain
2
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Comillas Pontifical University, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: João Martins
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1042; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031042
Received: 25 November 2020 / Revised: 20 January 2021 / Accepted: 21 January 2021 / Published: 25 January 2021
The aim of this study was to analyse the association of the use of the mobile phone with physical fitness (PF) and academic performance in secondary school students and its gender-related differences. A total of 501 high school students participated in the study (236 girls and 265 boys; 12–18 years). Use of the mobile phone and sample distributions were done with the Mobile-Related Experience Questionnaire (CERM): low use of mobile phone (LMP = 10–15 points), medium use of mobile phone (MMP = 16–23 points) and high use of mobile phone (HMP = 24–40 points). PF via Eurofit test battery and academic performance were recorded, and gender was used as a differentiating factor. The HMP group registered lower values than the LMP group for academic performance (Spanish: 4.78 ± 2.26 vs. 3.90 ± 1.96 points; p = 0.007, Mathematics: 4.91 ± 2.23 vs. 4.00 ± 1.84 points; p = 0.007) and PF (Abdominals: 6.83 ± 2.40 vs. 5.41 ± 2.46 points; p < 0.001, Broad jump: 6.24 ± 3.02 vs. 4.94 ± 2.28 points; p = 0.013). The boy students showed greater values than girl students for PF in the LMP (medicine-ball-throw: 6.34 ± 2.24 vs. 5.28 ± 1.86 points, p = 0.007) and MMP (medicine-ball-throw: 6.49 ± 2.52 vs. 5.02 ± 1.68 points; p < 0.001) groups, but no gender-related differences were found in the HMP group. In conclusion, high use of the mobile phone was related to worse results in the PF tests and academic performance. Gender-related differences were found for academic performance regardless of the use of the mobile, but for physical fitness no gender differences were found in HMP group. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; adolescents; cell phone use; educational test performance; gender-related differences physical activity; adolescents; cell phone use; educational test performance; gender-related differences
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bravo-Sánchez, A.; Morán-García, J.; Abián, P.; Abián-Vicén, J. Association of the Use of the Mobile Phone with Physical Fitness and Academic Performance: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1042. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031042

AMA Style

Bravo-Sánchez A, Morán-García J, Abián P, Abián-Vicén J. Association of the Use of the Mobile Phone with Physical Fitness and Academic Performance: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1042. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bravo-Sánchez, Alfredo, Javier Morán-García, Pablo Abián, and Javier Abián-Vicén. 2021. "Association of the Use of the Mobile Phone with Physical Fitness and Academic Performance: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 1042. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18031042

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