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Article

Lessons from an International Initiative to Set and Share Good Practice on Human Health in Environmental Impact Assessment

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BCA Insight Ireland Ltd., D02FY24 Dublin, Ireland
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International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA), Fargo, ND 58103-3705, USA
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European Public Health Association (EUPHA), Post Box 1568, 3500 BN Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
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Fischer-Bonde Consulting, 1727 Copenhagen, Denmark
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Department of Social Science and Business, Roskilde University, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
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Escuela Andaluza de Salud Publica, 18011 Granada, Spain
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Instituto de Investigacion Biosanitaria de Granada (Ibs. GRANADA), 18016 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1392; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041392
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 27 January 2021 / Accepted: 30 January 2021 / Published: 3 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health in EIA/SEA)
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is applied to infrastructure and other large projects. The European Union EIA Directive (2011/92/EU as amended by 2014/52/EU) requires EIAs to consider the effects that a project might have on human health. The International Association for Impact Assessment and the European Public Health Association prepared a reference paper on public health in EIA to enable the health sector to contribute to this international requirement. We present lessons from this joint action. We review literature on policy analysis, impact assessment and Health Impact Assessment (HIA). We use findings from this review and from the consultation on the reference paper to consider how population and human health should be defined; how the health sector can participate in the EIA process; the relationship between EIA and HIA; what counts as evidence; when an effect should be considered ‘likely’ and ‘significant’; how changes in health should be reported; the risks from a business-as-usual coverage of human health in EIA; and finally competencies for conducting an assessment of human health. This article is relevant for health authorities seeking to ensure that infrastructure, and other aspects of development, are not deleterious to, but indeed improve, human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Environmental Impact Assessment; human health; public health; Health Impact Assessment; Health in All Policies; significance; equity; health inequality; infrastructure Environmental Impact Assessment; human health; public health; Health Impact Assessment; Health in All Policies; significance; equity; health inequality; infrastructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cave, B.; Pyper, R.; Fischer-Bonde, B.; Humboldt-Dachroeden, S.; Martin-Olmedo, P. Lessons from an International Initiative to Set and Share Good Practice on Human Health in Environmental Impact Assessment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1392. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041392

AMA Style

Cave B, Pyper R, Fischer-Bonde B, Humboldt-Dachroeden S, Martin-Olmedo P. Lessons from an International Initiative to Set and Share Good Practice on Human Health in Environmental Impact Assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1392. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041392

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cave, Ben, Ryngan Pyper, Birgitte Fischer-Bonde, Sarah Humboldt-Dachroeden, and Piedad Martin-Olmedo. 2021. "Lessons from an International Initiative to Set and Share Good Practice on Human Health in Environmental Impact Assessment" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1392. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041392

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