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Article

Association between Physical Activity and Respiratory Diseases in Adolescents: An Age- and Gender-Matched Study

1
Department of Physical Education, Global Campus, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deokyoungdaero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si 17014, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
2
Department of Physical Education, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanakro, Gwanakgu, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Department of Taekwondo, Global Campus, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deokyoungdaero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si 17014, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
4
Department of Coaching, Global Campus, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deokyoungdaero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si 17014, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Desirée Valera-Gran and Eva Maria Navarrete-Munoz
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1397; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041397
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 28 January 2021 / Accepted: 29 January 2021 / Published: 3 February 2021
The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to examine the impacts of allergic respiratory diseases on physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors (SB), and body mass index (BMI) by matching age and gender with those adolescents without allergic respiratory diseases. This present study analyzed data from the 2019 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS). Among 57,303 Korean adolescents who responded to the survey, the study divided adolescents into three different groups (i.e., general, asthma, and allergic rhinitis group). Asthma and allergic rhinitis groups included adolescents who checked on asthma- or allergic rhinitis-related questions as ‘yes’ (n = 259, n = 259), but the general group responded to any diseases-related question as ‘no’ (n = 259). The age and gender of participants among the three groups were matched. The results showed weight and BMI were significantly higher in asthma and allergic rhinitis groups compared to the general group (p < 0.001, p < 0.001). Furthermore, age, asthma, and allergic rhinitis were observed to be strong risk factors for predicting obesity in adolescents (BMI, >25.0 kg/m2). In addition, this study found allergic respiratory diseases strong impacts on BMI levels because adolescents with ongoing asthma, or allergic rhinitis symptoms were more likely to have the inevitability of further weight gain compared to the general adolescents. Therefore, not only national interest in adolescents with allergic respiratory disease is essential, but PA should be encouraged to prevent and alleviate these diseases due to obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; body mass index; asthma; allergic rhinitis; adolescents physical activity; body mass index; asthma; allergic rhinitis; adolescents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, J.-H.; Yoo, E.; Seo, M.-W.; Jung, H.C.; Lee, J.-M. Association between Physical Activity and Respiratory Diseases in Adolescents: An Age- and Gender-Matched Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1397. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041397

AMA Style

Park J-H, Yoo E, Seo M-W, Jung HC, Lee J-M. Association between Physical Activity and Respiratory Diseases in Adolescents: An Age- and Gender-Matched Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1397. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041397

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Jeong-Hui, Eunhye Yoo, Myong-Won Seo, Hyun C. Jung, and Jung-Min Lee. 2021. "Association between Physical Activity and Respiratory Diseases in Adolescents: An Age- and Gender-Matched Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1397. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041397

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