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Article

Factors That Determine the Dietary Diversity Score in Rural Households: The Case of the Paute River Basin of Azuay Province, Ecuador

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Grupo de Investigación en Economía Regional (GIER), Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas, Universidad de Cuenca, Cuenca 010107, Ecuador
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Grupo de Producción Animal e Industrialización (PROANIN), Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Riobamba 060103, Ecuador
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Facultad de Ciencia e Ingeniería en Alimentos y Biotecnología, Campus Huachi, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato 180104, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rhona Hanning
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2059; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18042059
Received: 8 December 2020 / Revised: 12 February 2021 / Accepted: 12 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact and Control of Food Insecurity)
Inadequate food and nutrition affect human well-being, particularly for many poor subpopulations living in rural areas. The purpose of this research was to analyze the factors that determine the Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) in the rural area of the Paute River Basin, Azuay Province, Ecuador. The sample size of 383 surveys was determined by a stratified random sampling method with proportional affixation. Dietary diversity was measured through the HDDS, with 12 food groups (cereals; roots and tubers; fruits; sugar/honey; meat and eggs; legumes or grains; vegetables; oils/fats; milk and dairy products; meats; miscellaneous; fish and shellfish) over a recall period of 7 days. A Poisson regression model was used to determine the relationship between the HDDS and sociodemographic variables. The results show that the average HDDS of food consumption is 10.89 foods. Of the analyzed food groups, the most consumed are cereals; roots and tubers; fruits; sugar/honey. In addition, the determinants that best explain the HDDS in the predictive model were housing size, household size, per capita food expenditure, area of cultivated land, level of education, and marital status of the head of household. The tools used in this research can be used to analyze food and nutrition security interventions. Furthermore, the results allow policymakers to identify applicable public policies in the fight against hunger. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary diversity; HDDS; Poisson regression model; rural area; Ecuador dietary diversity; HDDS; Poisson regression model; rural area; Ecuador
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cordero-Ahiman, O.V.; Vanegas, J.L.; Franco-Crespo, C.; Beltrán-Romero, P.; Quinde-Lituma, M.E. Factors That Determine the Dietary Diversity Score in Rural Households: The Case of the Paute River Basin of Azuay Province, Ecuador. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2059. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18042059

AMA Style

Cordero-Ahiman OV, Vanegas JL, Franco-Crespo C, Beltrán-Romero P, Quinde-Lituma ME. Factors That Determine the Dietary Diversity Score in Rural Households: The Case of the Paute River Basin of Azuay Province, Ecuador. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2059. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18042059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cordero-Ahiman, Otilia V., Jorge L. Vanegas, Christian Franco-Crespo, Pablo Beltrán-Romero, and María E. Quinde-Lituma 2021. "Factors That Determine the Dietary Diversity Score in Rural Households: The Case of the Paute River Basin of Azuay Province, Ecuador" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 2059. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18042059

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