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Article

Gender Differences in Work Status during Early Career of Dentists: An Analysis of National Survey Cohort Data of 10 Years in Japan

1
Department of Dental Technology, The Nippon Dental University College, Tokyo 102-8159, Japan
2
Department of International Health and Collaboration, National Institute of Public Health, Saitama 351-0197, Japan
3
Healthcare Executive Program, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
4
Division of Disease Control and Epidemiology, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Ishikari 061-0293, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Susan J. Elliott
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2335; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052335
Received: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 27 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Services Research on Dentistry in Aged Society)
Few studies have evaluated gender differences in young dentists’ career focusing on career breaks and return to work. We created a cohort dataset for dentists registered in 2006 using the national survey between 2006–2016 (men, 1680; women, 984), and examined the work setting of dentists by gender 10 years after registration. The proportion of dentists on career break increased each survey year, and was more pronounced in women than in men (2006 to 2016, men, 11.2% to 14.2%; women, 7.9% to 31.0%). The proportion of those who had career breaks between 2006–2016 was 44.8% in men and 62.9% in women. In the multiple logistic regression for examining the associations between those who returned to work compared to those working continuously, in women, the odds ratios (OR) were significantly higher in those working in dental clinics (owner, OR: 5.39; employee, OR: 3.10), and those working part-time (OR: 2.07); however, in men, there was no significant association with part-time work. These results suggest during early career phase, female dentists are more likely than males to take career breaks and choose part-time on returning. These gender differences should be considered for ensuring adequate workforce in dentistry in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender differences; career paths; work status; female dentists; career break; return to work; Japan gender differences; career paths; work status; female dentists; career break; return to work; Japan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oshima, K.; Kodama, T.; Ida, Y.; Miura, H. Gender Differences in Work Status during Early Career of Dentists: An Analysis of National Survey Cohort Data of 10 Years in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2335. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052335

AMA Style

Oshima K, Kodama T, Ida Y, Miura H. Gender Differences in Work Status during Early Career of Dentists: An Analysis of National Survey Cohort Data of 10 Years in Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2335. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052335

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oshima, Katsuo, Tomoko Kodama, Yusuke Ida, and Hiroko Miura. 2021. "Gender Differences in Work Status during Early Career of Dentists: An Analysis of National Survey Cohort Data of 10 Years in Japan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2335. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052335

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