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Systematic Review

Training Design, Performance Analysis, and Talent Identification—A Systematic Review about the Most Relevant Variables through the Principal Component Analysis in Soccer, Basketball, and Rugby

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Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Sports Sciences, International Excellence Campus “Mare Nostrum”, University of Murcia, 30720 San Javier, Spain
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BIOVETMED & SPORTSCI Research Group, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
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Centro de Investigación y Diagnóstico en Salud y Deporte (CIDISAD), Escuela de Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Calidad de Vida (CIEMHCAVI), Universidad Nacional, Heredia 86-3000, Costa Rica
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Research Group in Optimization of Training and Sports Performance (GOERD), Department of Didactics of Music, Plastic and Body Expression, Sports Science Faculty, University of Extremadura, 10071 Caceres, Spain
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Departament of Physical Education and Sport, University of the Basque Country, UPV-EHU, Lasarte 71, 01007 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Johnny Padulo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2642; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052642
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 1 March 2021 / Accepted: 2 March 2021 / Published: 5 March 2021
Since the accelerating development of technology applied to team sports and its subsequent high amount of information available, the need for data mining leads to the use of data reduction techniques such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA). This systematic review aims to identify determinant variables in soccer, basketball and rugby using exploratory factor analysis for, training design, performance analysis and talent identification. Three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus) were systematically searched and 34 studies were finally included in the qualitative synthesis. Through PCA, data sets were reduced by 75.07%, and 3.9 ± 2.53 factors were retained that explained 80 ± 0.14% of the total variance. All team sports should be analyzed or trained based on the high level of aerobic capacity combined with adequate levels of power and strength to perform repeated high-intensity actions in a very short time, which differ between team sports. Accelerations and decelerations are mainly significant in soccer, jumps and landings are crucial in basketball, and impacts are primarily identified in rugby. Besides, from these team sports, primary information about different technical/tactical variables was extracted such as (a) soccer: occupied space, ball controls, passes, and shots; (b) basketball: throws, rebounds, and turnovers; or (c) rugby: possession game pace and team formation. Regarding talent identification, both anthropometrics and some physical capacity measures are relevant in soccer and basketball. Although overall, since these variables have been identified in different investigations, further studies should perform PCA on data sets that involve variables from different dimensions (technical, tactical, conditional). View Full-Text
Keywords: team sport; exploratory factor analysis; PCA; big data; data mining team sport; exploratory factor analysis; PCA; big data; data mining
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pino-Ortega, J.; Rojas-Valverde, D.; Gómez-Carmona, C.D.; Rico-González, M. Training Design, Performance Analysis, and Talent Identification—A Systematic Review about the Most Relevant Variables through the Principal Component Analysis in Soccer, Basketball, and Rugby. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2642. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052642

AMA Style

Pino-Ortega J, Rojas-Valverde D, Gómez-Carmona CD, Rico-González M. Training Design, Performance Analysis, and Talent Identification—A Systematic Review about the Most Relevant Variables through the Principal Component Analysis in Soccer, Basketball, and Rugby. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2642. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052642

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pino-Ortega, José, Daniel Rojas-Valverde, Carlos D. Gómez-Carmona, and Markel Rico-González. 2021. "Training Design, Performance Analysis, and Talent Identification—A Systematic Review about the Most Relevant Variables through the Principal Component Analysis in Soccer, Basketball, and Rugby" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2642. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052642

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