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Review

Planning the Future Oral Health Workforce: A Rapid Review of Supply, Demand and Need Models, Data Sources and Skill Mix Considerations

1
Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia
2
Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, Adelaide Dental School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
3
Faculty of Dentistry, Oral & Craniofacial Sciences, Kings College London, London SE5 9RS, UK
4
Dental Academy, William Beatty Building, Hampshire Terrace, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 2QG, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul B. Tchounwou and Takaaki Tomofuji
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 2891; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18062891
Received: 19 January 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 9 March 2021 / Published: 12 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future Health Workforce: Integrated Solutions and Models of Care)
Over the last decade, there has been a renewed interest in oral health workforce planning. The purpose of this review is to examine oral health workforce planning models on supply, demand and needs, mainly in respect to their data sources, modelling technique and use of skill mix. A limited search was carried out on PubMed and Web of Science for published scientific articles on oral health workforce planning models between 2010 to 2020. No restrictions were placed on the type of modelling philosophy, and all studies including supply, demand or needs based models were included. Rapid review methods guided the review process. Twenty-three studies from 15 countries were included in the review. A majority were from high-income countries (n = 17). Dentists were the sole oral health workforce group modelled in 13 studies; only five studies included skill mix (allied dental personnel) considerations. The most common application of modelling was a workforce to population ratio or a needs-based demand weighted variant. Nearly all studies presented weaknesses in modelling process due to the limitations in data sources and/or non-availability of the necessary data to inform oral health workforce planning. Skill mix considerations in planning models were also limited to horizontal integration within oral health professionals. Planning for the future oral health workforce is heavily reliant on quality data being available for supply, demand and needs models. Integrated methodologies that expand skill mix considerations and account for uncertainty are essential for future planning exercises. View Full-Text
Keywords: health workforce; operational models; planning; skill mix; integration health workforce; operational models; planning; skill mix; integration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Balasubramanian, M.; Hasan, A.; Ganbavale, S.; Alolayah, A.; Gallagher, J. Planning the Future Oral Health Workforce: A Rapid Review of Supply, Demand and Need Models, Data Sources and Skill Mix Considerations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2891. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18062891

AMA Style

Balasubramanian M, Hasan A, Ganbavale S, Alolayah A, Gallagher J. Planning the Future Oral Health Workforce: A Rapid Review of Supply, Demand and Need Models, Data Sources and Skill Mix Considerations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):2891. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18062891

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balasubramanian, Madhan, Aliya Hasan, Suruchi Ganbavale, Anfal Alolayah, and Jennifer Gallagher. 2021. "Planning the Future Oral Health Workforce: A Rapid Review of Supply, Demand and Need Models, Data Sources and Skill Mix Considerations" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 2891. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18062891

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