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Article

Heart Disease, Now What? Improving Quality of Life through Education

1
Nursing School, Minho University, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
2
SALBIS Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Campus of Ponferrada, Universidad de León, 24401 Ponferrada, Spain
3
Institute of Health Sciences, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, 4169-005 Porto, Portugal
4
Intensive Care Coronary Unit, Centro Hospitalar De Trás-Os-Montes E Alto Douro, E.P.E., 5000-508 Vila Real, Portugal
5
SALBIS Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3077; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063077
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 11 March 2021 / Accepted: 15 March 2021 / Published: 17 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing and Society)
Introduction: The management of chronic illness assumes a level of demand for permanent care and reaches a priority dimension in the health context. Given the importance of nursing care to post-acute coronary syndrome patients, the objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention program on quality of life in patients after acute coronary syndrome. Method: Quasi-experimental study with two groups: an experimental group exposed to the educational intervention program and the control group without exposure to the educational intervention program. Results: The results showed statistically significant differences between both groups (p < 0.001). Although only valid for the specific group of subjects studied, the educational intervention program enabled significant gains in quality of life. Conclusions: According to the findings of the study, a systematized and structured educational program, integrated into the care organization and based on transition processes, is effective in developing self-care skills and improves the quality of life in patients after acute coronary syndrome. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronary disease; cardiac rehabilitation; health education; quality of life; self-care coronary disease; cardiac rehabilitation; health education; quality of life; self-care
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gomes, L.; Liébana-Presa, C.; Araújo, B.; Marques, F.; Fernández-Martínez, E. Heart Disease, Now What? Improving Quality of Life through Education. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3077. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063077

AMA Style

Gomes L, Liébana-Presa C, Araújo B, Marques F, Fernández-Martínez E. Heart Disease, Now What? Improving Quality of Life through Education. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):3077. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063077

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gomes, Lisa, Cristina Liébana-Presa, Beatriz Araújo, Fátima Marques, and Elena Fernández-Martínez. 2021. "Heart Disease, Now What? Improving Quality of Life through Education" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 3077. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063077

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