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Article

12-Week Inspiratory Muscle Training Improves Respiratory Muscle Strength in Adult Patients with Stable Asthma: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
College of Human Development and Health, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei 112, Taiwan
2
Department of Exercise and Health Science, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei 112, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jesús Gustavo Ponce González and Cristina Casals
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3267; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063267
Received: 20 February 2021 / Revised: 12 March 2021 / Accepted: 18 March 2021 / Published: 22 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Respiratory Muscle Training for Health and Performance)
This study aims to investigate and compare the effects of conventional breathing exercises and an inspiratory muscle training intervention on clinical symptoms in asthma patients. Sixty asthma patients (40–65 years old) were randomly assigned to either the conventional breathing exercises (BTE) or inspiratory muscle training (IMT) group for a 12-week intervention period. Outcome measurements were performed before and after the intervention, including the spirometry data, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (PImax and PEmax), asthma control test, asthma control questionnaire, six-minute walk test, and three-day physical activity log, were recorded. PImax expressed as % of predicted value controlled for age and gender in healthy subjects (% predicted) increased by 16.92% (82.45% to 99.38%, p < 0.05) in the BTE group and by 29.84% (71.19% to 101.03%, p < 0.05) in the IMT group. Except for forced vital capacity, which was reduced in the BTE group, all other measured variables improved in both groups, and no statistically significant between-group differences were found. IMT appears to be more effective than breathing exercise intervention in promoting improvements in respiratory muscle strength. IMT may act as an alternative to conventional breathing exercises for middle-aged and elderly asthma patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: inspiratory muscle training; breathing exercise; asthma; forced vital capacity (FVC); maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax) inspiratory muscle training; breathing exercise; asthma; forced vital capacity (FVC); maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chung, Y.; Huang, T.-Y.; Liao, Y.-H.; Kuo, Y.-C. 12-Week Inspiratory Muscle Training Improves Respiratory Muscle Strength in Adult Patients with Stable Asthma: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3267. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063267

AMA Style

Chung Y, Huang T-Y, Liao Y-H, Kuo Y-C. 12-Week Inspiratory Muscle Training Improves Respiratory Muscle Strength in Adult Patients with Stable Asthma: A Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):3267. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063267

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chung, Yi, Ting-Yu Huang, Yi-Hung Liao, and Yu-Chi Kuo. 2021. "12-Week Inspiratory Muscle Training Improves Respiratory Muscle Strength in Adult Patients with Stable Asthma: A Randomized Controlled Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 3267. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063267

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