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Article

Friendship and Consumption Networks in Adolescents and Their Relationship to Stress and Cannabis Use Intention

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SALBIS Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Campus de Ponferrada, Universidad de León, 24401 Ponferrada, Spain
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SALBIS Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain
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Nursing School, Minho University, 4704-553 Braga, Portugal
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SECOMUCI Research Groups, Department of Electric, Systems and Automatics Engineering, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3335; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18073335
Received: 26 February 2021 / Revised: 19 March 2021 / Accepted: 21 March 2021 / Published: 24 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing and Society)
Background: Cannabis is an illegal psychoactive substance that’s use is widespread among adolescents. During adolescence, many changes can cause stress. In this phase, the group of friends becomes increasingly important, being a situation of vulnerability for the beginning of cannabis use, either as an escape mechanism or due to peer’s influence. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the structure of the consumption and friendship network, the intention to use cannabis, and the stress in a secondary school class. Methods: An online platform with validated self-reported questionnaires were used for data collection. Results: The sample consisted of adolescents (n = 20) aged 14–16 from a third-year class of compulsory secondary education in Ponferrada (León, Spain). Significant differences were obtained concerning consumption intention and the different network metrics in both the friendship and consumption networks. Subsequently, the representation of these networks was carried out. Conclusions: Social Network Analysis is a very useful tool that provides a picture of the context in which adolescents are located. In the consumption network, there are central actors who have not yet consumed cannabis; this is a crucial moment to implement prevention strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: cannabis; adolescents; stress; social network analysis; network; friendship cannabis; adolescents; stress; social network analysis; network; friendship
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Fernández, M.C.; Liébana-Presa, C.; Fernández-Martínez, E.; Gomes, L.; García-Rodríguez, I. Friendship and Consumption Networks in Adolescents and Their Relationship to Stress and Cannabis Use Intention. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3335. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18073335

AMA Style

Martínez-Fernández MC, Liébana-Presa C, Fernández-Martínez E, Gomes L, García-Rodríguez I. Friendship and Consumption Networks in Adolescents and Their Relationship to Stress and Cannabis Use Intention. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3335. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18073335

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-Fernández, María C., Cristina Liébana-Presa, Elena Fernández-Martínez, Lisa Gomes, and Isaías García-Rodríguez. 2021. "Friendship and Consumption Networks in Adolescents and Their Relationship to Stress and Cannabis Use Intention" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3335. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18073335

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