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Article

Psychological Profile in Female Cyclists and Its Relationship with Age, Training Parameters, Sport Performance, and Injury Incidence

1
Faculty of Sport, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia (UCAM), Av. De los Jerónimos, 135, 30107 Murcia, Spain
2
Red Española de Investigación del Rendimiento Deportivo en Ciclismo y Mujer (REDICYM) del Consejo Superior de Deportes (CSD), C. de Martín Fierro, 5, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Research Center for High Performance Sport, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia (UCAM), Av. de los Jerónimos, 135, 30107 Murcia, Spain
4
Kinanthropometry International Chair, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia (UCAM), Av. de los Jerónimos, 135, 30107 Murcia, Spain
5
Research Group in Sports Biomechanics (GIBD), Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Valencia, C/Gascó Oliag, 3, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3825; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18073825
Received: 26 February 2021 / Revised: 31 March 2021 / Accepted: 2 April 2021 / Published: 6 April 2021
Previous studies have highlighted the importance of psychology on sports performance and its relationship with the incidence of sport injuries. The objectives of the present investigation were: (1) to analyze the psychological profile of female cyclists as a function of age, training parameters, sport performance, and injuries suffered and (2) to design a model to predict their psychological profile. Sixty-one female cyclists participated in the study. Differences were found as a function of a competitive category for team cohesion (F = 5.035; p = 0.002), sport level effect on performance evaluation (F = 5.030; p = 0.004) and team cohesion (F = 64.706; p = 0.000), the effect of having reached the podium in the last competition on performance evaluation (t = 2.087; p = 0.041) and motivation (t = 4.035; p = 0.000), and injury severity on stress management (F = 6.204; p = 0.008). The factors that affected the psychological profile of the female cyclists the most, in addition to the independent psychological parameters, were the number of podiums in the last year and the years of cycling experience. In conclusion, there is an interaction between the psychological profile, sociodemographic variables, training, performance, and injuries suffered in female cyclists. View Full-Text
Keywords: competition; cycling; psychological profile; sports performance; training; women competition; cycling; psychological profile; sports performance; training; women
MDPI and ACS Style

Abenza-Cano, L.; Chung, L.H.; Vaquero-Cristóbal, R.; Mateo-Orcajada, A.; Encarnación-Martínez, A. Psychological Profile in Female Cyclists and Its Relationship with Age, Training Parameters, Sport Performance, and Injury Incidence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3825. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18073825

AMA Style

Abenza-Cano L, Chung LH, Vaquero-Cristóbal R, Mateo-Orcajada A, Encarnación-Martínez A. Psychological Profile in Female Cyclists and Its Relationship with Age, Training Parameters, Sport Performance, and Injury Incidence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3825. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18073825

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abenza-Cano, Lucía, Linda H. Chung, Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, Adrián Mateo-Orcajada, and Alberto Encarnación-Martínez. 2021. "Psychological Profile in Female Cyclists and Its Relationship with Age, Training Parameters, Sport Performance, and Injury Incidence" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3825. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18073825

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