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Article

Back School Postural Education Program: Comparison of Two Types of Interventions in Improving Ergonomic Knowledge about Postures and Reducing Low Back Pain in Adolescents

1
School of Health Jean Piaget Algarve, Piaget Institute, 8300-025 Silves, Portugal
2
Research in Education and Community Intervention (RECI), 3515-776 Viseu, Portugal
3
National School of Public Health, NOVA University of Lisbon, 1600-560 Lisbon, Portugal
4
Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Human Performance (CIPER), Human Kinetics Faculty, University of Lisbon (UL), 1499-002 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sara Rubinelli, Nicola Diviani and Claudia Zanini
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4434; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094434
Received: 12 April 2021 / Revised: 15 April 2021 / Accepted: 20 April 2021 / Published: 22 April 2021
This study aimed to compare the impact of two Back School Postural Education Programs on improving ergonomic knowledge of postures adopted at school and home, as well as on reducing low back pain (LPB) in adolescents. The sample was constituted by 153 students, aged 10–16 years, with 96 (62.7%) girls, divided into 2 intervention groups (GA, GB). Two tests (theoretical and practical) and LBP questionnaire were applied 1 week before and 1 year after the end of the program. In GA, three sessions were performed for each class separately, on theoretical and practical issues, lasting 45 min and at intervals of 1 week, and in GB, only one theoretical session (90 min) was given to all students. Statistically differences on GA were obtained between the values 1 week before and after 1 year of evaluation in both theoretical and practical tests (p ≤ 0.001). In GB, only the values of the practical test present a statistical difference (p ≤ 0.001). GA obtained higher values on both tests after 1 year of follow-up compared with GB (p ≤ 0.001). The number of students with LBP decreased on GA (p ≤ 0.001). The program with longer duration, higher weekly frequency, and more practical and individualized character promotes better effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: back school program; low back pain; literacy; adolescent; backpack back school program; low back pain; literacy; adolescent; backpack
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MDPI and ACS Style

Minghelli, B.; Nunes, C.; Oliveira, R. Back School Postural Education Program: Comparison of Two Types of Interventions in Improving Ergonomic Knowledge about Postures and Reducing Low Back Pain in Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4434. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094434

AMA Style

Minghelli B, Nunes C, Oliveira R. Back School Postural Education Program: Comparison of Two Types of Interventions in Improving Ergonomic Knowledge about Postures and Reducing Low Back Pain in Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4434. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094434

Chicago/Turabian Style

Minghelli, Beatriz, Carla Nunes, and Raul Oliveira. 2021. "Back School Postural Education Program: Comparison of Two Types of Interventions in Improving Ergonomic Knowledge about Postures and Reducing Low Back Pain in Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4434. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094434

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