Next Article in Journal
Development and Validation of a Food Literacy Assessment Tool for Community-Dwelling Elderly People
Previous Article in Journal
Body Composition in Elite Soccer Players from Youth to Senior Squad
Previous Article in Special Issue
Psychological and Situational Variables Associated with Objective Knowledge on Water-Related Issues in a Northern Spanish City
Review

Water–Food Nexus Assessment in Agriculture: A Systematic Review

1
Área Académica de Química, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Carretera Pachuca-Tulancingo Km. 4.5, Ciudad del Conocimiento, Col. Carboneras, Mineral de la Reforma 42184, Mexico
2
CONACYT—Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Mineral de la Reforma 42183, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4983; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094983
Received: 9 April 2021 / Revised: 27 April 2021 / Accepted: 30 April 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Warming & Water)
The Water–Food Nexus (WF) has been proposed to reach equitable, balanced, and sustainable access to water and food resources in the face of the growing population demand. Therefore, developing models to assess them has become more relevant. This work systematically reviews the literature on the tools used to evaluate water and food resources between 2002 and 2020. Furthermore, it reports a critical analysis of the software used to assess the WF Nexus quantitatively. The models analyzed were Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Common Agricultural Policy Regional Impact (CAPRI), Global Food and Water System (GFWS), Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), Water Evaluation And Planning system (WEAP), and Soil Water Atmosphere Plant (SWAP). We deduced that the following are necessary in evaluating the WF Nexus: (1) the capacity to generate future scenarios, (2) a global application, and (3) the application in case studies. The present paper is the first review to provide an overview of the software applied to evaluate WF Nexus, including the advantages and disadvantages of the tools found. They can help build sustainability criteria when designing policies that reduce water and food security risks and promote efficient water and food use. View Full-Text
Keywords: crops; CAPRI; GFWS; LCA; SWAT; WEAP; WF Nexus crops; CAPRI; GFWS; LCA; SWAT; WEAP; WF Nexus
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Corona-López, E.; Román-Gutiérrez, A.D.; Otazo-Sánchez, E.M.; Guzmán-Ortiz, F.A.; Acevedo-Sandoval, O.A. Water–Food Nexus Assessment in Agriculture: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4983. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094983

AMA Style

Corona-López E, Román-Gutiérrez AD, Otazo-Sánchez EM, Guzmán-Ortiz FA, Acevedo-Sandoval OA. Water–Food Nexus Assessment in Agriculture: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4983. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094983

Chicago/Turabian Style

Corona-López, Evelyn, Alma D. Román-Gutiérrez, Elena M. Otazo-Sánchez, Fabiola A. Guzmán-Ortiz, and Otilio A. Acevedo-Sandoval 2021. "Water–Food Nexus Assessment in Agriculture: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4983. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094983

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop