2.1. Study Area and Participants
2.2. Design and Data Collection
2.3. Data Management and Analysis
3.1. Characteristics of Participants
3.2. Use and Perceived Problems of Traditional Cookstoves
Here in Nyando there is a problem with finding firewood and there are times when I do not have money to buy firewood. My child who is 14 years old has the responsibility of collecting firewood. He gets help sometimes from the younger siblings. The old cookstove used a lot of firewood. It is hard work. (cookstove purchaser)
With the old cookstove you would have difficulty in breathing and cough a lot as a result of too much smoke. One gets itchy eyes that turn red. You have difficulty in breathing if there is a lot of smoke in the kitchen. You will also have a runny rose which can also lead to headaches. I know that when you have difficulty in breathing then it means that your lungs have failed and they are not functioning well. (cookstove purchaser)
3.3. Considerations When Purchasing a New Cookstove
We are always looking out for money to feed our families. I had planned on taking a tailoring course but I haven’t because my hands are short (lack money). We are a poor community. (cookstove purchaser)
So many people are longing to have the cookstove but the price is so expensive. People cannot afford it now with the drought. The hunger has hit us hard. You know we are faced with very hard economic times. People don’t have maize in their stores to scoop anytime they want to. There is famine and people are crying about the price. (cookstove purchaser)
You know women are very clever. They can save a little from the food money each time and find themselves having a lot more than their husbands expect. They end up having money when times are hard up. I had saved up to buy shoes and decided to buy the cookstove instead. (cookstove purchaser)
My mother-in-law was the one who negotiated it for me. She told my husband that the cookstove was really good and she would like us to install one in her kitchen and mine so that we would have an easy time for cooking. (cookstove purchaser)
3.4. Reported Affordability of the Improved Cookstove
People in the village, we are saying that the new cookstove is really good and they would all love to install one. But we are crying that we do not have money. There is inflation that has hit hard and the money is very little. (cookstove purchaser)
3.5. Reported Household Benefits of Improved Cookstove Use Among Women Who Purchased Cookstoves
We buy firewood. With the old cookstove I could use fuel worth 70/ksh- a week and now I only spend 30/ksh worth of firewood a week. (cookstove purchaser)
The new cookstove makes my work easier. When I light the fire and put enough firewood, I don’t have to be there to keep on adding firewood to the fire. When you put food onto it, the food will cook, even when you have gone out to collect water from the river the food will not burn. (cookstove purchaser)
3.6. Reported Health Benefits of Improved Cookstove Use Among Women Who Purchased Cookstoves
It also has less smoke and the homa (runny nose, red eyes and breathing difficulties) that I used to have when I was cooking with the old cookstove is gone. The smoke leaves through the open air space on the wall above the cookstove. With the old cookstove you would have difficulty breathing and cough a lot as a result of too much smoke. The new cookstove is good and it protects the health of the family. I no longer spend a lot of money on taking my child to the hospital to be treated for coughs, running nose and red eyes with the new cookstove. (cookstove purchaser)
3.7. Barriers to Proper Cookstove Installation
Getting materials for installation is not easy. Murram [a type of rock], pebbles, and stones are not easy to get because they are expensive. When we purchase the cookstove there is no money left for these items. (cookstove purchaser)
3.8. SWAP Health Promoters
As SWAP vendors we are able to sell the SWAP products and earn money. We sit down as a group and decide on what to do with the profit. Sometimes we use the money to buy more products or simply to share the profit. When things are good and the sales are high, we are able to spare some money to buy some more products while at the same time leaving some to be shared as profits. (From) this I could even buy ¼ kg of sugar for my family. I no longer have to beg my husband for money! (SWAP health promoter)
I tell a person that the very first benefit is that it uses less firewood as compared to the 3 stones jiko cookstove. Secondly you can use any size of cooking pan on it because even a small or big size cooking pan can be used [on] it. Thirdly it has less smoke and as a result one doesn’t suffer from diseases of the chest when s/he is using this type of cookstove. (SWAP health promoter)
Many people come to my home to see the upesi jiko and because of the good things they see about it, this makes them like it. These are the people who purchased it because I was among the first ones to install it. Observing it is what makes people to like it and want to buy it. (SWAP health promoter)
3.9. Community Interactions with SWAP
There was cookstove training for the community that I attended. I was very excited and attended the demonstration done in one of the houses. I learned a lot. The people (SWAP vendors) are very smart and share what they know with you. I learned about the cookstove and how to install it. They taught us everything, the whole mixing process and how to make the slab. I bought one that day and had it installed the very day after the training. (cookstove purchaser)
I saw the cookstove at her house, this friend of mine. She was cooking and said that this thing is very good and every woman with a proper straight mind should have one. You do not disturb yourself with pushing in so much firewood. It keeps on burning. Seeing the cooking, it opened my mind! (cookstove purchaser)
Conflict of Interest
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