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Article

Virtual Power Plants Optimization Issue: A Comprehensive Review on Methods, Solutions, and Prospects

1
Laboratory of Information and Systems (UMR CNRS 7020 LIS), Aix Marseille University, 13397 Marseille, France
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Qom University of Technology, Qom 1519-37195, Iran
3
Institut de Recherche Dupuy de Lôme (UMR CNRS 6027 IRDL), University of Brest, 29238 Brest, France
4
Logistics Engineering College, Shanghai 201306, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Albert Smalcerz and Marcin Blachnik
Received: 21 March 2022 / Revised: 29 April 2022 / Accepted: 7 May 2022 / Published: 14 May 2022
Recently, the integration of distributed generation and energy systems has been associated with new approaches to plant operations. As a result, it is becoming increasingly important to improve management skills related to distributed generation and demand aggregation through different types of virtual power plants (VPPs). It is also important to leverage their ability to participate in electricity markets to maximize operating profits. The present study focuses on VPP concepts, its different potential services, various control methodologies, distinct optimization approaches, and some practical implemented real cases. To this end, a comprehensive review of the most recent scientific literature is conducted. The paper concludes with remained challenges and future trends in the topic. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual power plant; optimization approaches; VPP services; microgrid virtual power plant; optimization approaches; VPP services; microgrid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nafkha-Tayari, W.; Ben Elghali, S.; Heydarian-Forushani, E.; Benbouzid, M. Virtual Power Plants Optimization Issue: A Comprehensive Review on Methods, Solutions, and Prospects. Energies 2022, 15, 3607. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/en15103607

AMA Style

Nafkha-Tayari W, Ben Elghali S, Heydarian-Forushani E, Benbouzid M. Virtual Power Plants Optimization Issue: A Comprehensive Review on Methods, Solutions, and Prospects. Energies. 2022; 15(10):3607. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/en15103607

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nafkha-Tayari, Wafa, Seifeddine Ben Elghali, Ehsan Heydarian-Forushani, and Mohamed Benbouzid. 2022. "Virtual Power Plants Optimization Issue: A Comprehensive Review on Methods, Solutions, and Prospects" Energies 15, no. 10: 3607. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/en15103607

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