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Article

Bi-Level Optimal Capacity Planning of Load-Side Electric Energy Storage Using an Emission-Considered Carbon Incentive Mechanism

College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ahmed Abu-Siada
Received: 20 May 2022 / Revised: 17 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Section A1: Electrical Power System)
The decarbonization of the power system forces the rapid development of electric energy storage (EES). Electricity consumption is the fundamental driving force of carbon emissions in the power system. However, the current EES capacity planning research that considers the load-side carbon emission responsibility is still limited. To fill this research gap, this paper proposes a carbon incentive mechanism while considering load-side carbon emission responsibility. Additionally, a bi-level optimal capacity planning model of the load-side EES based on carbon emission flow (CEF) theory is proposed. The upper level obtained the bus carbon intensities through the optimal economic dispatch and passed them to the lower level. Considering the carbon incentive mechanism, the lower level optimized the EES capacity. Finally, the model was tested by MATLAB/Gurobi in the modified IEEE-39 bus power system. The results show that under the stimulation of the carbon incentive mechanism, the bi-level optimal capacity planning model of the load-side EES could effectively promote peak shaving, valley filling, and carbon reduction. Furthermore, compared with the two existing EES subsidy policies, the proposed carbon incentive mechanism is verified to be more conducive to reducing system carbon emissions. View Full-Text
Keywords: capacity planning; carbon emission flow; carbon incentive mechanism; electric energy storage; load-side carbon emission responsibility; power system capacity planning; carbon emission flow; carbon incentive mechanism; electric energy storage; load-side carbon emission responsibility; power system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Feng, J.; Zhou, H. Bi-Level Optimal Capacity Planning of Load-Side Electric Energy Storage Using an Emission-Considered Carbon Incentive Mechanism. Energies 2022, 15, 4592. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/en15134592

AMA Style

Feng J, Zhou H. Bi-Level Optimal Capacity Planning of Load-Side Electric Energy Storage Using an Emission-Considered Carbon Incentive Mechanism. Energies. 2022; 15(13):4592. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/en15134592

Chicago/Turabian Style

Feng, Jieran, and Hao Zhou. 2022. "Bi-Level Optimal Capacity Planning of Load-Side Electric Energy Storage Using an Emission-Considered Carbon Incentive Mechanism" Energies 15, no. 13: 4592. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/en15134592

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