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Article

Incorporation of Cement Bypass Dust in Hydraulic Road Binder

1
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Kosice, 042 00 Kosice, Slovakia
2
Povazska Cement Factory, 018 63 Ladce, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 14 December 2020 / Accepted: 21 December 2020 / Published: 24 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Construction and Building Materials)
This article describes utilization of a cement kiln bypass dust utilization as an added component in a hydraulic road binder. Three experimental binder mixes (BM1–BM3) with variation in the composition of the main constituents (cement clinker, ground limestone and ground granulated blast furnace slag) and constant content of bypass dust (10%) were prepared under laboratory conditions. The properties of binder constituents, fresh experimental binder mixes and hardened specimens were tested according to STN EN 13282-2 for a normal hardening hydraulic road binder. The physical and chemical properties of all binder mixes (fineness: +90 µm ≤ 15 wt.%; SO3 content: <4 wt.%) met the standard requirements. The bypass dust addition led to an increase in the water content for standard consistency of cement mixes (w/c = 0.23) and to a shortening of the initial setting time for two experimental blended cement pastes (BM1 and BM3) compared with the value required by the standard. Only BM2 with the lowest SO3 content (0.363 wt.%) and the highest percentage of granulated blast furnace slag (9.5 wt.%) and alkalis (Na2O and K2O content of 5.9 wt.%) in the binder mix met the standard value for the initial setting time (≥150 min). The results of compressive strength testing of experimental specimens after 56 days of hardening (59.2–63.9 MPa) indicate higher values than the upper limit of the standard requirement for the N4 class (≥32.5; ≤52.5 MPa). View Full-Text
Keywords: hydraulic road binder; cement; limestone; granulated blast furnace slag; bypass dust hydraulic road binder; cement; limestone; granulated blast furnace slag; bypass dust
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stevulova, N.; Strigac, J.; Junak, J.; Terpakova, E.; Holub, M. Incorporation of Cement Bypass Dust in Hydraulic Road Binder. Materials 2021, 14, 41. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ma14010041

AMA Style

Stevulova N, Strigac J, Junak J, Terpakova E, Holub M. Incorporation of Cement Bypass Dust in Hydraulic Road Binder. Materials. 2021; 14(1):41. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ma14010041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stevulova, Nadezda, Julius Strigac, Jozef Junak, Eva Terpakova, and Marian Holub. 2021. "Incorporation of Cement Bypass Dust in Hydraulic Road Binder" Materials 14, no. 1: 41. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ma14010041

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