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Open AccessArticle

Urban e-Grocery Distribution Design in Pamplona (Spain) Applying an Agent-Based Simulation Model with Horizontal Cooperation Scenarios

1
Institute of Smart Cities, Public University of Navarre, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
2
Aerospace Systems and Transport Research Group, EIATA Institute, Rey Juan Carlos University, 28942 Fuenlabrada, Spain
3
INARBE Institute, Public University of Navarre, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 December 2020 / Revised: 1 January 2021 / Accepted: 6 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Simulation-Optimization in Logistics, Transportation, and SCM)
E-commerce has boosted in the last decades because of the achievements of the information and telecommunications technology along with the changes in the society life-style. More recently, the groceries online purchase (or e-grocery), has also prevailed as a way of making the weekly shopping, particularly, the one including fresh vegetables and fruit. Furthermore, this type of virtual shopping in supermarkets is gaining importance as the most efficient delivery system in cost and time. Thus, we have evaluated in this study the influence of the cooperation-based policies on costs and service quality among different supermarkets in Pamplona, Spain. Concerning methodology, first of all, we carried out a survey in Pamplona having the purpose of modelling the demand patterns about e-grocery. Second, we have developed an agent-based simulation model for generating scenarios in non-cooperative, limited cooperation, and full cooperation settings, considering the real data obtained from the survey analysis. At this manner, Vehicle Routing Problems (VRP) and Multi Depot VRPs (MDVRP) are dynamically generated and solved within the simulation framework using a biased-randomization algorithm. Finally, the results show significant reductions in distance driven and lead times when employing horizontal cooperation in e-grocery distribution. View Full-Text
Keywords: agent-based simulation; horizontal cooperation; e-groceries; optimization agent-based simulation; horizontal cooperation; e-groceries; optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Serrano-Hernandez, A.; de la Torre, R.; Cadarso, L.; Faulin, J. Urban e-Grocery Distribution Design in Pamplona (Spain) Applying an Agent-Based Simulation Model with Horizontal Cooperation Scenarios. Algorithms 2021, 14, 20. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/a14010020

AMA Style

Serrano-Hernandez A, de la Torre R, Cadarso L, Faulin J. Urban e-Grocery Distribution Design in Pamplona (Spain) Applying an Agent-Based Simulation Model with Horizontal Cooperation Scenarios. Algorithms. 2021; 14(1):20. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/a14010020

Chicago/Turabian Style

Serrano-Hernandez, Adrian; de la Torre, Rocio; Cadarso, Luis; Faulin, Javier. 2021. "Urban e-Grocery Distribution Design in Pamplona (Spain) Applying an Agent-Based Simulation Model with Horizontal Cooperation Scenarios" Algorithms 14, no. 1: 20. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/a14010020

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