Algorithms, Volume 14, Issue 2 (February 2021) – 39 articles
Cover Story (view full-size image): The introduction of automated parcel locker (APL) systems is one possible approach to improve urban logistics activities. Based on the city of Dortmund as a case study, we propose a simulation-optimization approach integrating a system dynamics simulation model (SDSM) with a multiperiod capacitated facility location problem (CFLP) as a decision support tool for future APL implementations. We first built an SDSM to estimate the number of APLs and then a CFLP model to determine their locations within the city’s districts. Finally, we used Monte Carlo simulation to estimate the costs and reliability level under random demands. We evaluate three e-shopper rate scenarios with the SDSM and then analyze ten detailed demand configurations for the middle-size scenario with our CFLP model. View this paper.
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