Next Article in Journal
HIV-1 Protease: Structural Perspectives on Drug Resistance
Next Article in Special Issue
H5N1 Virus Evolution in Europe—An Updated Overview
Previous Article in Journal
HCV Innate Immune Responses
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Closer Look at the NS1 of Influenza Virus
Review

Pandemic Influenza Vaccines – The Challenges

1
Myrdalskogen 95, N-5117 Ulset, Norway
2
Influenza Centre, The Gade Institute, University of Bergen, Laboratory Building, 5th Floor, Haukeland University Hospital, N-5021 Bergen, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2009 / Revised: 26 November 2009 / Accepted: 1 December 2009 / Published: 3 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Influenza: Pandemics and Vaccinations)
Recent years’ enzootic spread of highly pathogenic H5N1 virus among poultry and the many lethal zoonoses in its wake has stimulated basic and applied pandemic vaccine research. The quest for an efficacious, affordable and timely accessible pandemic vaccine has been high on the agenda. When a variant H1N1 strain of swine origin emerged as a pandemic virus, it surprised many, as this subtype is well-known to man as a seasonal virus. This review will cover some difficult vaccine questions, such as the immunological challenges, the new production platforms, and the limited supply and global equity issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: influenza; H5N1; H1N1; pandemic; vaccine; haemagglutinin (HA); neuraminidase (NA) influenza; H5N1; H1N1; pandemic; vaccine; haemagglutinin (HA); neuraminidase (NA)
MDPI and ACS Style

Haaheim, L.R.; Madhun, A.S.; Cox, R. Pandemic Influenza Vaccines – The Challenges. Viruses 2009, 1, 1089-1109. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v1031089

AMA Style

Haaheim LR, Madhun AS, Cox R. Pandemic Influenza Vaccines – The Challenges. Viruses. 2009; 1(3):1089-1109. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v1031089

Chicago/Turabian Style

Haaheim, Lars R., Abdullah S. Madhun, and Rebecca Cox. 2009. "Pandemic Influenza Vaccines – The Challenges" Viruses 1, no. 3: 1089-1109. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v1031089

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop