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Review

Review of Hepatitis E Virus in Rats: Evident Risk of Species Orthohepevirus C to Human Zoonotic Infection and Disease

Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Medical School, University of Pécs, H-7624 Pécs, Hungary
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2020 / Revised: 29 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 October 2020 / Published: 9 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hepatitis E Virus Molecular Epidemiology and Evolution)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) (family Hepeviridae) is one of the most common human pathogens, causing acute hepatitis and an increasingly recognized etiological agent in chronic hepatitis and extrahepatic manifestations. Recent studies reported that not only are the classical members of the species Orthohepevirus A (HEV-A) pathogenic to humans but a genetically highly divergent rat origin hepevirus (HEV-C1) in species Orthohepevirus C (HEV-C) is also able to cause zoonotic infection and symptomatic disease (hepatitis) in humans. This review summarizes the current knowledge of hepeviruses in rodents with special focus of rat origin HEV-C1. Cross-species transmission and genetic diversity of HEV-C1 and confirmation of HEV-C1 infections and symptomatic disease in humans re-opened the long-lasting and full of surprises story of HEV in human. This novel knowledge has a consequence to the epidemiology, clinical aspects, laboratory diagnosis, and prevention of HEV infection in humans. View Full-Text
Keywords: hepatitis E virus; hepevirus; orthohepevirus; rodent; rat; zoonosis; reservoir; cross-species transmission; hepatitis; human hepatitis E virus; hepevirus; orthohepevirus; rodent; rat; zoonosis; reservoir; cross-species transmission; hepatitis; human
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MDPI and ACS Style

Reuter, G.; Boros, Á.; Pankovics, P. Review of Hepatitis E Virus in Rats: Evident Risk of Species Orthohepevirus C to Human Zoonotic Infection and Disease. Viruses 2020, 12, 1148. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v12101148

AMA Style

Reuter G, Boros Á, Pankovics P. Review of Hepatitis E Virus in Rats: Evident Risk of Species Orthohepevirus C to Human Zoonotic Infection and Disease. Viruses. 2020; 12(10):1148. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v12101148

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reuter, Gábor, Ákos Boros, and Péter Pankovics. 2020. "Review of Hepatitis E Virus in Rats: Evident Risk of Species Orthohepevirus C to Human Zoonotic Infection and Disease" Viruses 12, no. 10: 1148. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v12101148

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