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Article

Risk Mapping of Influenza D Virus Occurrence in Ruminants and Swine in Togo Using a Spatial Multicriteria Decision Analysis Approach

1
IHAP, UMR1225, Université de Toulouse, INRA, ENVT, 31076 Toulouse, France
2
Laboratoire Central Vétérinaire de Lomé, 55788 Lomé, Togo
3
St Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
4
Cirad, UMR ASTRE, 34398 Montpellier, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 16 January 2020 / Accepted: 18 January 2020 / Published: 21 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-A Influenza)
Influenza D virus (IDV) has been identified in several continents, with serological evidence for the virus in Africa. In order to improve the sensitivity and cost–benefit of IDV surveillance in Togo, risk maps were drawn using a spatial multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) and experts’ opinion to evaluate the relevance of sampling areas used so far. Areas at highest risk of IDV occurrence were the main cattle markets. The maps were evaluated with previous field surveillance data collected in Togo between 2017 and 2019: 1216 sera from cattle, small ruminants, and swine were screened for antibodies to IDV by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assays. While further samples collections are needed to validate the maps, the risk maps resulting from the spatial MCDA approach generated here highlight several priority areas for IDV circulation assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: influenza D virus; Togo; risk mapping; spatial MCDA influenza D virus; Togo; risk mapping; spatial MCDA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fusade-Boyer, M.; Pato, P.S.; Komlan, M.; Dogno, K.; Batawui, K.; Go-Maro, E.; McKenzie, P.; Guinat, C.; Secula, A.; Paul, M.; Webby, R.J.; Tran, A.; Waret-Szkuta, A.; Ducatez, M.F. Risk Mapping of Influenza D Virus Occurrence in Ruminants and Swine in Togo Using a Spatial Multicriteria Decision Analysis Approach. Viruses 2020, 12, 128. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v12020128

AMA Style

Fusade-Boyer M, Pato PS, Komlan M, Dogno K, Batawui K, Go-Maro E, McKenzie P, Guinat C, Secula A, Paul M, Webby RJ, Tran A, Waret-Szkuta A, Ducatez MF. Risk Mapping of Influenza D Virus Occurrence in Ruminants and Swine in Togo Using a Spatial Multicriteria Decision Analysis Approach. Viruses. 2020; 12(2):128. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v12020128

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fusade-Boyer, Maxime, Pidemnéwé S. Pato, Mathias Komlan, Koffi Dogno, Komla Batawui, Emilie Go-Maro, Pamela McKenzie, Claire Guinat, Aurélie Secula, Mathilde Paul, Richard J. Webby, Annelise Tran, Agnès Waret-Szkuta, and Mariette F. Ducatez 2020. "Risk Mapping of Influenza D Virus Occurrence in Ruminants and Swine in Togo Using a Spatial Multicriteria Decision Analysis Approach" Viruses 12, no. 2: 128. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v12020128

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