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Review

COVID-19: A Review on the Novel Coronavirus Disease Evolution, Transmission, Detection, Control and Prevention

1
School of Science, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway 47500, Selangor DE, Malaysia
2
Tropical Medicine & Biology Multidisciplinary Platform, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway 47500, Selangor DE, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Luis Martinez-Sobrido and Fernando Almazan Toral
Received: 15 October 2020 / Revised: 10 November 2020 / Accepted: 27 November 2020 / Published: 29 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Coronaviruses)
Three major outbreaks of the coronavirus, a zoonotic virus known to cause respiratory disease, have been reported since 2002, including SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and the most recent 2019-nCoV, or more recently known as SARS-CoV-2. Bats are known to be the primary animal reservoir for coronaviruses. However, in the past few decades, the virus has been able to mutate and adapt to infect humans, resulting in an animal-to-human species barrier jump. The emergence of a novel coronavirus poses a serious global public health threat and possibly carries the potential of causing a major pandemic outbreak in the naïve human population. The recent outbreak of COVID-19, the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China has infected over 36.5 million individuals and claimed over one million lives worldwide, as of 8 October 2020. The novel virus is rapidly spreading across China and has been transmitted to 213 other countries/territories across the globe. Researchers have reported that the virus is constantly evolving and spreading through asymptomatic carriers, further suggesting a high global health threat. To this end, current up-to-date information on the coronavirus evolution and SARS-CoV-2 modes of transmission, detection techniques and current control and prevention strategies are summarized in this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; 2019-nCoV; emerging infectious disease; zoonotic cycle; positive-sense RNA viruses; evolution COVID-19; 2019-nCoV; emerging infectious disease; zoonotic cycle; positive-sense RNA viruses; evolution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sharma, A.; Ahmad Farouk, I.; Lal, S.K. COVID-19: A Review on the Novel Coronavirus Disease Evolution, Transmission, Detection, Control and Prevention. Viruses 2021, 13, 202. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v13020202

AMA Style

Sharma A, Ahmad Farouk I, Lal SK. COVID-19: A Review on the Novel Coronavirus Disease Evolution, Transmission, Detection, Control and Prevention. Viruses. 2021; 13(2):202. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v13020202

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sharma, Anshika; Ahmad Farouk, Isra; Lal, Sunil K. 2021. "COVID-19: A Review on the Novel Coronavirus Disease Evolution, Transmission, Detection, Control and Prevention" Viruses 13, no. 2: 202. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v13020202

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