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Article

A Novel Plasmid DNA-Based Foot and Mouth Disease Virus Minigenome for Intracytoplasmic mRNA Production

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Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Genetic Engineering, The Graduate School, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
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Center for Advanced Studies in Agriculture and Food, KU Institute for Advanced Studies, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
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Virology and Cell Technology Research Team, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Science and Technology Development Agency, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
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Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
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Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
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Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Petri Susi
Received: 29 April 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 1 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Viruses)
Picornaviruses are non-enveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses that cause highly contagious diseases, such as polio and hand, foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) in human, and foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in animals. Reverse genetics and minigenome of picornaviruses mainly depend on in vitro transcription and RNA transfection; however, this approach is inefficient due to the rapid degradation of RNA template. Although DNA-based reverse genetics systems driven by mammalian RNA polymerase I and/or II promoters display the advantage of rescuing the engineered FMDV, the enzymatic functions are restricted in the nuclear compartment. To overcome these limitations, we successfully established a novel DNA-based vector, namely pKLS3, an FMDV minigenome containing the minimum cis-acting elements of FMDV essential for intracytoplasmic transcription and translation of a foreign gene. A combination of pKLS3 minigenome and the helper plasmids yielded the efficient production of uncapped-green florescent protein (GFP) mRNA visualized in the transfected cells. We have demonstrated the application of the pKLS3 for cell-based antiviral drug screening. Not only is the DNA-based FMDV minigenome system useful for the FMDV research and development but it could be implemented for generating other picornavirus minigenomes. Additionally, the prospective applications of this viral minigenome system as a vector for DNA and mRNA vaccines are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: picornaviruses; foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV); reverse genetics; minigenome; replicon; vaccine; antiviral drug screening picornaviruses; foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV); reverse genetics; minigenome; replicon; vaccine; antiviral drug screening
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MDPI and ACS Style

Semkum, P.; Kaewborisuth, C.; Thangthamniyom, N.; Theerawatanasirikul, S.; Lekcharoensuk, C.; Hansoongnern, P.; Ramasoota, P.; Lekcharoensuk, P. A Novel Plasmid DNA-Based Foot and Mouth Disease Virus Minigenome for Intracytoplasmic mRNA Production. Viruses 2021, 13, 1047. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v13061047

AMA Style

Semkum P, Kaewborisuth C, Thangthamniyom N, Theerawatanasirikul S, Lekcharoensuk C, Hansoongnern P, Ramasoota P, Lekcharoensuk P. A Novel Plasmid DNA-Based Foot and Mouth Disease Virus Minigenome for Intracytoplasmic mRNA Production. Viruses. 2021; 13(6):1047. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v13061047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Semkum, Ploypailin, Challika Kaewborisuth, Nattarat Thangthamniyom, Sirin Theerawatanasirikul, Chalermpol Lekcharoensuk, Payuda Hansoongnern, Pongrama Ramasoota, and Porntippa Lekcharoensuk. 2021. "A Novel Plasmid DNA-Based Foot and Mouth Disease Virus Minigenome for Intracytoplasmic mRNA Production" Viruses 13, no. 6: 1047. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v13061047

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