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Review

Current State of Knowledge about Role of Pets in Zoonotic Transmission of SARS-CoV-2

1
Laboratory of RNA Biochemistry, Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, Takustraße 6, 14195 Berlin, Germany
2
Department of Microbiology, Wrocław Medical University, St. T. Chałubińskiego 4, 50-376 Wrocław, Poland
3
Laboratory of Microbiology, Private Health Care Institution, St. Jana Pawła II, 41-100 Siemianowice Śląskie, Poland
4
Department of Pathology, Wrocław Medical University, St. K. Marcinkowskiego 1, 50-368 Wrocław, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Magdalena Materniak-Kornas and Jacek Kuźmak
Received: 27 May 2021 / Revised: 9 June 2021 / Accepted: 11 June 2021 / Published: 16 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Animal Virus Research in Poland)
Pets play a crucial role in the development of human feelings, social life, and care. However, in the era of the prevailing global pandemic of COVID-19 disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), many questions addressing the routes of the virus spread and transmission to humans are dramatically emerging. Although cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection have been found in pets including dogs, cats, and ferrets, to date there is no strong evidence for pet-to-human transmission or sustained pet-to-pet transmission of SARS-CoV-2. However, an increasing number of studies reporting detection of SARS-CoV-2 in farmed minks raises suspicion of potential viral transmission from these animals to humans. Furthermore, due to the high susceptibility of cats, ferrets, minks and hamsters to COVID-19 infection under natural and/or experimental conditions, these animals have been extensively explored as animal models to study the SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis and transmission. In this review, we present the latest reports focusing on SARS-CoV-2 detection, isolation, and characterization in pets. Moreover, based on the current literature, we document studies aiming to broaden the knowledge about pathogenicity and transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2, and the development of viral therapeutics, drugs and vaccines. Lastly, considering the high rate of SARS-CoV-2 evolution and replication, we also suggest routes of protection against the virus. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; pets suitable animal models; zoonotic potential SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; pets suitable animal models; zoonotic potential
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dróżdż, M.; Krzyżek, P.; Dudek, B.; Makuch, S.; Janczura, A.; Paluch, E. Current State of Knowledge about Role of Pets in Zoonotic Transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Viruses 2021, 13, 1149. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v13061149

AMA Style

Dróżdż M, Krzyżek P, Dudek B, Makuch S, Janczura A, Paluch E. Current State of Knowledge about Role of Pets in Zoonotic Transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Viruses. 2021; 13(6):1149. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v13061149

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dróżdż, Mateusz, Paweł Krzyżek, Barbara Dudek, Sebastian Makuch, Adriana Janczura, and Emil Paluch. 2021. "Current State of Knowledge about Role of Pets in Zoonotic Transmission of SARS-CoV-2" Viruses 13, no. 6: 1149. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v13061149

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